Meaning of WILD in English

WILD

I. ˈwīld, esp before pause or consonant ˈwīəld adjective

( -er/-est )

Etymology: Middle English wilde, from Old English; akin to Old High German wildi wild, Old Norse villr wild, gone astray, bewildered, Gothic wiltheis wild, Welsh gwyllt, Cornish guyls

1.

a.

(1) : living in a state of nature : inhabiting natural haunts (as the forest or open field) : not tamed or domesticated

a wild ox

wild duck

(2) : being one of a kind not ordinarily subjected to domestication

the tame wild goose finally flew away

— compare feral

(3) : shy 1a

b.

(1) : growing or produced without the aid and care of man : not cultivated : brought forth by unassisted nature or by animals not domesticated : native

wild furs

the closest wild relative of cultivated corn — P.C.Mangelsdorf

wild honey

(2) : related to or resembling a corresponding cultivated or domesticated organism — used in vernacular names of plants and animals; see wild oat , wild onion

c. : not living near or associated with man — used especially of a mosquito that does not breed near human habitations in distinction from one that habitually does so

d. : of or belonging to organisms in a state of nature : typical of undomesticated animals or uncultivated plants

the wild state

wild nature

2.

a. : not inhabited or cultivated

the only profit in wild land was to clear and plant it with one's own hands or to sell it — American Guide Series: New York

b. : not being or appearing amenable to human habitation or cultivation : rough , waste , desolate

becomes much wilder as the trees give place to bare granite crags — S.P.B.Mais

3.

a.

(1) : not subjected to restraint or regulation : uncontrolled , inordinate , ungoverned

mobs are wild , unpredictable, vicious, and insanely cruel when aroused — P.I.Wellman

the wild frenzy of religious camp meetings — J.T.Adams

a piano played with a wild exuberance — Louis Bromfield

(2) : abandoned to or overcome by passion, desire, or emotion

the frenzied old man, wild with hatred and insane with baffled desire — W.M.Thackeray

wild with grief

also : passionately eager, enthusiastic, desirous, or angry

he was wild to own a toy train — J.C.Furnas

his sponsors … are wild about him as a salesman — Howard Taubman

boys wild for the venture — Marjory S. Douglas

straining and wild to take to the air — Kay Boyle

was wild at people talking, and upsetting him — Sheila Kaye-Smith

(3) : not amenable to control, restraint, or domestication : unruly , ungovernable , reckless

bars and bowling alleys full of wild youths breezily and brutally telling each other off — Robert Lowry

a rabble of wild country lads — W.B.Yeats

the zebra is too wild to be used as a draft animal

a wild mop of hair — Irwin Shaw

(4) of a ship : hard to steer or tending to yaw from the course

(5) : not capped : not brought into controlled or regulated production — used of an oil or gas well

b. : marked by turbulent violent agitation : rough , tempestuous , stormy

the sea against the west coast was wild with storm — Ernesta D. Barlow

it's a wild night … to be out in the rain — J.M.Synge

c. : licentious , dissolute

d. : exceeding normal or conventional bounds in thought, design, conception, execution, or nature : extravagant , fantastic , visionary

overmatched in lush, easy wealth the wildest dreams of fantasy — T.H.White b. 1915

remonstrating against the wild project — H.E.Scudder

wild beliefs about the origin of these fishes — J.L.B.Smith

the wildest complexity ever added to the steam engine — George Zabriskie

a wild array of bathhouses, dance halls, freak shows, fun houses — American Guide Series: New York City

a necktie of wild colors and pattern

e.

(1) : become destructive or ferocious through escape from normal restraints

wild cells forming a tumor

a dog gone wild

(2) : escaped from or beyond human control

the brakes gave out and … not even a fool would ride a wild truck … with an overload of logs — Hugh Fosburgh

— compare wildfire

f.

(1) : characteristic or indicative of strong or overwhelming passion, desire, or emotion

looked at me with a wild stare of agony — Walter O'Meara

a wild gleam of delight in his eyes — Irish Digest

taken his wild words in earnest — George Meredith

(2) : characterized or marked by the presence or activity of unruly, intemperate, abandoned, or impassioned persons

a wild 5-hour street battle — Current History

a wild , frontier town — American Guide Series: Texas

found dead on a beach, apparently following a wild party — M.S.Forbes

4.

a. : not acculturated to an advanced civilization : rude , uncivilized , barbaric

wild natives

wild practices

b. : not yielding to a governmental authority : savage , intractable , rebellious

wild border tribes

c. : resembling a barbarian or a wild animal : brutalized

dirty, wild , and degraded as only the worst slaves of antiquity had been — Lewis Mumford

5. : characteristic of, appropriate to, or expressive of wilderness, wildlife, or people in a simple or uncivilized society or environment

wild and rugged grandeur — Elinor Wylie

wild love of freedom — Meridel Le Sueur

in the brush a soft persuasive cooing … subtle and wild and unobtrusive — John Burroughs

6.

a. : deviating from a natural or expected course, goal, or practice : acting, appearing, or being manifested in an unexpected, undesired, or unpredictable manner : random , erratic

impulsive grammar and wild spelling — C.W.Cunnington

giving a wild guess, I suggested that the model was one twelfth the size of the ordinary chair — S.P.B.Mais

wild price fluctuations — W.R.Langdon

swing across traffic in a wild circle — Green Peyton

b. : not accounted for by known theories

afterimages … although perhaps not strictly hallucinations might be alleged as wild sense-data — R.J.Hirst

7. : great in extent, size, quantity, or intensity : extreme , prodigious

wild and precarious leaps — D.L.Busk

a wild headache that did not leave her for days — Louis Bromfield

the world's wildest religious fanatics — Isaac Deutscher

8. of a playing card : having a denomination determined by the will of the holder — compare deuces wild , joker

9. of paper : loose and irregular in formation so as to appear mottled when looked through — contrasted with well-closed

II. noun

( -s )

1. : a region or tract that is sparsely inhabited or uncultivated : wilderness

the ruthless life of the wild — James Stevenson-Hamilton

settlers had to cross this Indian-infested wild — American Guide Series: Texas

living in the wilds of Africa hunting crocodiles — Publisher's Weekly

2. : a wild, free, or natural life or existence

corn in the wild may well have been a plant with low survival value — P.C.Mangelsdorf

III. adverb

1. : wildly

wild shy about seeing any of her own people — Mary Deasy

2. : without regulation or control : uncontrolledly

given over to violence, society is an engine running wild — F.H.Giddings

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.