Meaning of WIN in English

WIN

I. ˈwin verb

( won ˈwən ; won ; winning ; wins )

Etymology: Middle English winnen, from Old English winnan to struggle, fight, toil; akin to Old High German winnan to struggle, fight, Old Norse vinna to work, avail, conquer, win, Gothic winnan to suffer, Latin vener-, venus love, sexual desire, venerari to venerate, Sanskrit vanati, vanoti he desires, loves, Hittite u̯en-, u̯ent- to copulate; basic meaning: to strive

intransitive verb

1. : to gain the victory in a contest : overcome an opponent : prevail , succeed

struck for higher wages and won — American Guide Series: New York

— often used with out as an intensive

in most mature adults these counterforces of course win out — Fredric Wertham

2.

a. : to succeed especially by effort in arriving at a place or a state : succeed in getting : get

beasts that had won to the high ground — J.R.Fethney

making a great effort … he might win back to cool sanity — Hearst's

the production won through finally owing to the sincerity of the two leading actors — T.C.Worsley

b. chiefly Scotland : to work up the ability : manage , contrive

3.

a. archaic : to obtain an advantage : be in a superior position : be master or conqueror — used with upon, on, or of

have seen … the firm soil win of the watery main — Shakespeare

b. : to gain favor or influence — used with upon or on

wins upon me hourly — S.T.Coleridge

transitive verb

1. : to get possession of by or as if by effort : gain , obtain , secure

made as many as 300 tenement-house calls a week and won an intimate knowledge of the poor man — Jerome Ellison

won master's degrees in education and philosophy — Newsweek

winning his way up — Charles Dickens

regiments which won fame — H.L.Merillat

won the support of influential friends — C.G.Woodson

2.

a. : to conquer in or as if in battle and take into possession

the individual foot soldier who alone is able to win and hold ground — D.W.Mitchell

the refinery goes up on land won from the desert and the sea — Geoffrey Godsell

b. obsolete : to defeat (a person) in a fight : beat

c. : to be the victor in

just as we won the war, so we can win the peace — Helen Douglas

sought means to win the election — W.C.Ford

3. : to obtain in return for work : earn

the several ways in which men have won their livelihood — W.G.V.Balchin & Norman Pye

4.

a. : to gain in or as if in competition

wins a prize

won a senate seat — Carol L. Thompson

won several battle stars … and a commendation ribbon — Current Biography

won his point easily

b. obsolete : to gain (as time or space) so as to have an advantage

your way is shorter … you'll win two days upon me — Shakespeare

c. : to take (a trick) in a card game

5.

a. : to influence so as to gain the favor of : make friendly or favorable to oneself or to one's cause

a mellow charm that wins the listener in unassuming ways — Harold Rogers

won the hearts of his military staff — F.L.Paxson

makes the neutral reader wonder whether it is aimed to win him for the communist or the fascist state — C.D.Lewis

win back to active church membership many who had lost contact — E.C.Helmreich

— often used with over

resort to argument in order to win him over to our way of thinking — A.J.Ayer

specifically : to induce (another) to accept oneself in marriage

his deformity prevents him from winning the woman he loves — F.E.Coenen

b. archaic : persuade , entice

the man whom music wins to stay nigh — Alexander Pope

6.

a. chiefly dialect : harvest , gather

b.

(1) : to obtain (as ore, coal, clay) from a mine or pit

(2) : to prepare (as a vein or bed) for regular mining especially by making shafts, gangways, and levels

(3) : to recover (as metal) from ore

7. : to reach especially by effort

were worsted in the field, but many lived to win the great cave — H.R.Haggard

Synonyms: see get

II. noun

( -s )

1. : an act or instance of winning especially in a game or contest : victory

had all their wins in cycling and swimming — News from New Zealand

specifically : first place at the finish of a horse race — compare place , show

2. : something that is won (as in a game or contest) : gain , profit , take , winning

III. intransitive verb

( winned ; winned ; winning ; wins )

Etymology: Middle English winen; akin to Old English wunian to reside, live — more at wont

dialect Britain : reside , live

IV. transitive verb

Etymology: probably from win (I)

dialect Britain : to dry (as hay) by exposure to the air or heat

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.