Meaning of BRAKE in English

BRAKE

brake 1

— brakeless , adj.

/brayk/ , n. , v. , braked, braking .

n.

1. a device for slowing or stopping a vehicle or other moving mechanism by the absorption or transfer of the energy of momentum, usually by means of friction.

2. brakes , the drums, shoes, tubes, levers, etc., making up such a device on a vehicle.

3. anything that has a slowing or stopping effect.

4. Also called brakeman . a member of a bobsled team who operates the brake.

5. Also called breaker . a tool or machine for breaking up flax or hemp, to separate the fiber.

6. Also called press brake . a machine for bending sheet metal to a desired shape.

7. Obs. an old instrument of torture.

v.t.

8. to slow or stop by means of or as if by means of a brake.

9. to furnish with brakes.

10. to process (flax or hemp) by crushing it in a brake.

v.i.

11. to use or run a brake.

12. to stop or slow upon being braked.

13. to run a hoisting machine.

[ 1400-50; late ME ]

Syn. 8. halt, arrest, stay, restrain; curb, curtail.

brake 2

/brayk/ , n.

a place overgrown with bushes, brambles, or cane.

[ 1400-50; late ME (in phrase brake of fern thicket of fern) brake thicket ]

brake 3

/brayk/ , n.

any of several large or coarse ferns, esp. the bracken, Pteridium aquilinum.

[ 1275-1325; ME brake, prob. by back formation from braken BRACKEN, taken as pl. ]

brake 4

/brayk/ , v. Archaic.

pt. of break .

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .