Meaning of GRATE in English
— grateless , adj. — gratelike , adj.
/grayt/ , n. , v. , grated, grating .
1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2. a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
3. a fireplace.
4. to furnish with a grate or grates.
[ 1350-1400; ME grata a grating, var. of CRATA, deriv. of L crat- (s. of cratis ) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. CRATE ]
/grayt/ , v. , grated, grating .
1. to have an irritating or unpleasant effect: His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
2. to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
3. to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4. to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
5. to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6. to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound: to grate one's teeth.
7. to irritate or annoy.
8. Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.
[ 1375-1425; late ME graten grater kratzen to scratch ]
Syn. 7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012