Meaning of PLEDGE in English

PLEDGE

— pledgeable , adj. — pledger , n. — pledgeless , adj.

/plej/ , n. , v. , pledged, pledging .

n.

1. a solemn promise or agreement to do or refrain from doing something: a pledge of aid; a pledge not to wage war.

2. something delivered as security for the payment of a debt or fulfillment of a promise, and subject to forfeiture on failure to pay or fulfill the promise.

3. the state of being given or held as security: to put a thing in pledge.

4. Law.

a. the act of delivering goods, property, etc., to another for security.

b. the resulting legal relationship.

5. something given or regarded as a security.

6. a person accepted for membership in a club, fraternity, or sorority, but not yet formally approved.

7. an assurance of support or goodwill conveyed by drinking a person's health; a toast.

8. Obs.

a. a hostage.

b. a person who becomes bail or surety for another.

9. take the pledge , to make a solemn, formal vow to abstain from intoxicating drink.

v.t.

10. to bind by or as if by a pledge: to pledge hearers to secrecy.

11. to promise solemnly: to pledge one's support.

12. to give or deposit as a pledge; pawn.

13. to stake, as one's honor.

14. to secure by a pledge; give a pledge for.

15. to accept as a pledge for club, fraternity, or sorority membership.

16. to drink a health or toast to.

v.i.

17. to make or give a pledge: to pledge for someone.

18. to drink a pledge; toast someone's health, success, etc.

[ 1275-1325; ME plege plevium, plebium, deriv. of plebire to pledge pleon to risk, G pflegen to look after. See PLIGHT 2 ]

Syn. 2. warranty, surety, guaranty.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .