Meaning of SHUT in English

SHUT

/shut/ , v. , shut, shutting , adj. , n.

v.t.

1. to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct.

2. to close the doors of (often fol. by up ): to shut up a shop for the night.

3. to close (something) by bringing together or folding its parts: Shut your book. Shut the window!

4. to confine; enclose: to shut a bird into a cage.

5. to bar; exclude: They shut him from their circle.

6. to cause (a business, factory, store, etc.) to end or suspend operations: He shut his store, sold his house, and moved away. We're shutting the office for two weeks in June.

7. to bolt; bar.

v.i.

8. to become shut or closed; close.

9. shut down ,

a. to settle over so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.

b. to close, esp. temporarily, as a factory; cease manufacturing or business operations.

c. Also, shut down on or upon . Informal. to hinder; check; stop.

10. shut in ,

a. to enclose.

b. to confine, as from illness: She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.

11. shut off ,

a. to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.

b. to isolate; separate: an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.

12. shut out ,

a. to keep from entering; exclude.

b. to hide from view.

c. to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.

13. shut up ,

a. to imprison; confine.

b. to close entirely.

c. to stop talking; become silent: I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.

d. to stop (someone) from talking; silence.

adj.

14. closed; fastened up: a shut door.

15. Phonet. checked.

16. shut of , Informal. free of; rid of: He wished he were shut of all his debts.

n.

17. the act or time of shutting or closing.

18. the line where two pieces of welded metal are united.

[ bef. 1000; ME schutten, OE scyttan to bolt (a door); akin to SHOOT ]

Syn. 1. See close. 4. jail, imprison, cage. 5. prohibit.

Ant. 1. open.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .