Meaning of ADDITIVE in English
In foods, any of various chemical substances added to produce desirable effects.
Additives include such substances as artificial or natural colourings and flavourings; stabilizers, emulsifiers, and thickeners; preservatives and humectants (moisture-retainers); and supplementary nutrients. Though many additives are harmless or even beneficial, others reduce nutritional value or conceal inferior raw materials or processing.
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Краткая энциклопедия Британика. 2012