Meaning of EIGENVALUE in English



In mathematical analysis , one of a set of discrete values of a parameter, k , in an equation of the form L x = k x .

Such characteristic equations are particularly useful in solving differential equation s, integral equation s, and systems of equations . In the equation, L is a linear transformation such as a matrix or a differential operator , and x can be a vector or a function (called an eigenvector or eigenfunction). The totality of eigenvalues for a given characteristic equation is a set. In quantum mechanics, where L is an energy operator, the eigenvalues are energy values.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.