in full HyperText Transfer Protocol
Standard application-level protocol used for exchanging files on the World Wide Web .
HTTP runs on top of the TCP/IP protocol. Web browsers are HTTP clients that send file requests to Web servers , which in turn handle the requests via an HTTP service. HTTP was originally proposed in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee , who was a coauthor of the 1.0 specification. HTTP in its 1.0 version was "stateless": each new request from a client established a new connection instead of handling all similar requests through the same connection between a specific client and server. Version 1.1 includes persistent connections, decompression of HTML files by client browsers, and multiple domain names sharing the same IP address .