Meaning of MULTIPLEXING in English


Process of transmitting multiple (but separate) signals simultaneously over a single channel or line.

Because the signals are sent in one complex transmission, the receiving end has to separate the individual signals. The two main types of multiplexing methods are time-division multiplexing (TDM) and frequency-division multiplexing (FDM). In TDM (typically used for digital signals) a device is given a specific time slot during which it can use the channel. In FDM (typically used for analog signals) the channel is subdivided into subchannels, each with a different frequency width that is assigned to a specific signal. Optical-fibre networks can use DWDM (dense wavelength-division multiplexing), in which different data signals are sent in different wavelengths of light in the fibre-optic medium.

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