Meaning of ISOMER in English


One of two or more substances with identical molecular formulas but different

It usually refers to stereoisomers (rather than constitutional isomers or tautomers; see {{link=isomerism">isomerism , tautomerism ), of which there are two types. Optical isomers, or enantiomers (see optical activity ), occur in mirror-image pairs. Geometric isomers are often the result of rigidity in the molecular structure; in organic compounds, this is usually due to a double bond (see bonding ) or a ring structure. In the case of a double bond between two carbon atoms, if each has two other groups bonded to it and all are rigidly in the same plane, the corresponding groups can be on the same side ( cis ) of the C=C bond or across the C=C bond ( trans ) from each other. An analogous distinction can be made for ring structures that are all in a plane, between isomers whose substituent groups are on the same side and isomers whose substituent groups are on both sides of the plane. Diastereomers that are not enantiomers also fall into this category. Most cis-trans isomers are organic compounds.

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.