In China, a rationalistic revival of Confucianism in the 11th century that influenced Chinese thought for 800 years.
The movement sought to reestablish the supremacy of the Confucian heritage over the increasingly popular Buddhism and Daoism . Its two principal schools of thought were the Lixue (School of Principle), whose chief philosopher was Zhu Xi , and the Xinxue (School of Mind), represented by Lu Xiangshan and Wang Yangming . Neo-Confucianism was introduced into Japan by Zen Buddhists and became the guiding philosophy of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), providing a heavenly sanction for the existing social order. Its emphasis on classical literature led to renewed interest in the Japanese classics and a revival of Shintō studies.