Meaning of PLANT in English



Any organism in the kingdom Plantae, consisting of multicellular, eukaryotic life forms (see eukaryote ) with six fundamental characteristics: photosynthesis as the almost exclusive mode of nutrition, essentially unlimited growth at cellulose in their walls and are therefore somewhat rigid, the absence of organs of movement, the absence of sensory and nervous systems, and life histories that show alternation of generations .

No definition of the kingdom completely excludes all nonplant organisms or even includes all plants. Many plants, for example, are not green and thus do not produce their own food by photosynthesis, being instead parasitic on other living plants (see parasitism ). Others obtain their food from dead organic matter. Many animals possess plantlike characteristics, such as a lack of mobility (e.g., sponges ) or the presence of a plantlike growth form (e.g., some corals and bryozoans ), but in general such animals lack other plant characteristics. Some past classification systems (see taxonomy ) placed difficult groups such as protozoans , bacteria , algae , slime molds , and fungi (see fungus ) in the plant kingdom, but structural and functional differences between these organisms and plants have convinced most scientists to classify them elsewhere.


[c mediumvioletred] (as used in expressions)

oyster plant

bedding plant

carnivorous plant

castor oil plant

century plant

flowering plant

indigo plant

pitcher plant

plant virus

rubber plant

India rubber plant

{{link=seed plant">seed plant

sensitive plant

spider plant

vascular plant

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.