Meaning of ACTIVATION in English

also called arousal in psychology, the stimulation of the cerebral cortex into a state of general wakefulness or attention. Activation proceeds from various portions of the brain, but mainly from the reticular formation, the nerve network in the midbrain that monitors ingoing and outgoing sensory and motor impulses. Activation, however, is not the same as direct cortical stimulation by specific sense receptors, such as being awakened by noises. It involves, rather, a complex of impulses that are both internal and external to the body.

Britannica English vocabulary.      Английский словарь Британика.