Meaning of IBN AL-JAWZI in English

in full 'abd Ar-rahman Ibn 'ali Ibn Muhammad Abu Al-farash Ibn Al-jawzi born 1126, Baghdad died 1200, Baghdad jurist, theologian, historian, preacher, and teacher who became an important figure in the Baghdad establishment and a leading spokesman of traditionalist Islam. Ibn al-Jawzi received a traditional religious education, and, upon the completion of his studies, he chose a teaching career, becoming by 1161 the master of two religious colleges. A fervent adherent of Hanbali doctrine (one of the four schools of Islamic law), he was a noted preacher whose sermons were conservative in viewpoint and supported the religious policies of the Baghdad ruling establishment. In return he was favoured by the caliphs, and by 1178/79 he had become the master of five colleges and the leading Hanbali spokesman of Baghdad. In the decade 117080, he attained the height of his power. Becoming a semi-official inquisitor, he constantly searched for doctrinal heresies. He attacked and instigated persecutions against those who he felt had deviated from strict traditionalist Islam. He was particularly critical of Sufis (Muslim mystics) and of theologians who practiced Shi'i Islam (one of the two major branches of Islam). His zeal antagonized many liberal theologians. His power within the Baghdad establishment owed a great deal to his excellent relations with successive caliphs and their advisers. The arrest in 1194 of Ibn Yunus, his old friend and patron, marked the end of Ibn al-Jawzi's career and his close links with governmental circles. In that year he was arrested and exiled to the city of Wasit. He was partially rehabilitated on the eve of his death and allowed to return to Baghdad. Ibn al-Jawzi's scholarly works reflected his adherence to Hanbali doctrine. Much of his work was of a hagiographical and polemical nature. Of particular interest was his Sifat as-Safwah (Attributes of Mysticism), an extensive history of mysticism, which argued that the true mystics were those who modelled their lives on the Companions of the Prophet.

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