Meaning of DETERGENT in English
■ noun a soluble cleansing agent which combines with impurities and dirt to make them more soluble.
■ adjective relating to ~s or their action.
C17 (as adjective): from L. ~- , detergere , 'wipe away'.
Concise Oxford English vocab. Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка. 2004