Meaning of AFFECTION in English
The Verse of Affection (muwaddah): "Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it (preaching the message) but love for my relatives ( qurba). Qur'an 42:23
" ( Qurba here refers to the ahl al-bayt. (Sawa'iq ibn Hajar, 11:160; Tabaqat al-Kubra , ibn Sa'ad; also Sahih Muslim, Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthur )
When explaining this verse, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi says: "Without doubt, no one was as near to the Prophet ( pbuh&hf ) as Lady Fatima, 'Ali, Hasan, and Husayn. This is a well-known fact of all chains of narration, and these are his ' al '." Thus, ' al ' or ' ahl ' refers only to the immediate family of the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&hf ) - namely, Lady Fatima, 'Ali, Hasan, and Husayn.
Advanced Islamic English dictionary. Расширенный исламский словарь английского языка. 2012