Meaning of CHAIN in English

I. noun


a chain of events (= a series of events where each one causes the next )

He set in motion a chain of events that he couldn’t control.

a chain/group of islands

Our destination was a chain of islands, sixty miles east of Taiwan.

a cinema chain (= a group of cinemas owned by the same company )

He works for a well-known cinema chain.

a mountain range/chain (= a number of mountains in a line )

The Alps are the largest mountain range in Europe.

a restaurant chain (= one that is owned or managed by the same company or person )

Café Rouge is part of a large restaurant chain.

ball and chain

The lower-tech side of the business was seen as a ball and chain.

chain gang

chain letter

chain mail

chain of command

Symonds is third in the chain of command.

chain reaction

A sudden drop on Wall Street can set off a chain reaction in other financial markets.

chain stitch

chain store

choke chain

daisy chain

food chain

Pollution is affecting many creatures lower down the food chain.

gold watch/chain/ring etc

key chain

retail outlet/shop/store/chain

We are looking for more retail outlets for our products.

snow chains

the chain/line of command (= a system of passing decisions from people at the the top to the bottom )

Our company has a traditional management chain of command.




Many big chains had pushed for a 2 percent reduction, but believe the 1 percent cut could still help.

One day I was going to go to Petland and get one of those big chains , the stainless steel ones.

A handful of new outlets will be launched next year and if successful, will lead to an even bigger chain .

The big supermarket chains certainly regained favour in 2000.

But none of them have really rattled the big chains until Food Giant came along.

They used to have big chains right round, fore and aft to keep them together.


It was a gold chain , and on the end of it was a picture of a very beautiful woman.

She wore a little gold chain around her neck.

We didn't care about the magazine we just wanted to trace back the gold chain see who handled it.

The gold chains were gone now, too.

On one ankle she wears a gold chain .

Her jewelry was gold , delicate chains at her wrist and throat.

Elizabeth had let him wear a gold chain of hers round his neck.

Even though her neck was repeatedly sliced, several gold chains she wore were not broken.


Wearing a chic, low cut dress and heavy gold chain she meets our gaze with a challenging look.

He rode between cars, gripping the heavy chain .

Perhaps the most impressive beast of all, is the Current Trends Lion with a heavy duty bicycle chain for its mane.

They were linked by a slack, heavy , silvery chain that swayed lazily when he raised his hands.

From its rear chassis, two heavy chains were securely attached to the steel bars of the gates.

Earrings and heavy chains around the neck are a no-no on the field.

Hesione is standing with her hands bound behind her back and held in position by two heavy chains attached to weights.

We dined among men with heavy watch chains and heavier bellies.


We can form a human chain of Berliners along the Wall which no one dare break, nomatterhow many soldiers they send.

With a half-life of 12 years, tritium could build up in the Tamar estuary and eventually enter the human food chain .

Rally organizers with colored arm-bands link hands, forming a human chain at the crosswalks.

The crowd was on the point of becoming a lynch mob, but were still linked in a human chain .

Traders sitting elbow to elbow formed a human chain .

Firefighters formed a human chain to carry the four brothers to safety but they found to be dead at hospital.

They had dropped out of the human chain of ancestors and descendants that had formerly bound them all together.


Months later it merged with the considerably larger Mothercare chain in a reverse take-over.

Saying they were losing money there, large grocery chains began moving out of inner-city neighborhoods in the 1980s.

Hospitals, which used to be almost exclusively not-for-profit institutions, are being taken over by large corporate chains .

From an operations district manager from a large retail chain .

Thrifty Payless Inc., the largest drugstore chain in the West, operates 1, 048 stores in 11 Western states.

Some large chains of supermarkets publish booklets on calorie, fat, and fibre content of their foods.

The critical composition at which phase separation is first detected is then and which indicates that at infinitely large chain length.


Under these conditions, however, ethylene forms short chains or rings, rather than the long chains of the solid polymer.

In general, the longer the chain , the less stable the interacting web to environmental disruption.

In reality, of course, they are the result of a long chain of conscious decision making.

Viscosity, or resistance to flow, is a property of fluids containing long molecular chains that tangle and intertwine.

I was a very small link in an immensely long chain .

Simply put, the longer the chain , the easier it is for an alcohol to mix with fat.

They key to the parent was the longest chain of carbon atoms.

The warder peered through the observation slot then selected a key from the long chain that dangled from his belt.


So far 4,411 retailers with 10,789 shops, including some major chains , have signed up to take part in the scheme.

Today, major chain stores and automakers are slated to release December sales figures.

Selling price is around £30, from Argos, Texas, other major chain and d-i-y stores, and specialist electrical shops.

No one at Safeway Stores, the other major grocery chain in the Washington-Baltimore area, was available for comment.

According to their localization, these deletions or duplications frequently provoke major respiratory chain function defects, with consequent cellular energy supply deficiencies.

Discussions with another major supermarket chain should yield an own-label deal soon.

A major chain of retailers has agreed to withdraw them from sale, but hundreds are still thought to be in use.


The suspect meat, more than eight tonnes of it, ended up in three national supermarket chains .

The deal should allow Glynwed's food service division to sell complete cooking and refrigeration equipment ranges to national supermarket chains .

A national discount chain had opened several warehouse outlets in a geographic region the retailer had long dominated.

His paper is part of a national chain .

One national chain is currently charging $ 299 for the Playstation and $ 249 for Saturn.

Yeewho had managed regional offices of national retail chains for two decades before founding Zhenwas skeptical about branching out into department stores.


The above reference to large and powerful retail chains implies that they can exert a strong influence in the marketplace.

But they face opposition from a lobbying powerhouse of credit card companies, banks, auto companies and retail chains .

Numerous downsized banks, insurers and retail chains have seen their customers' satisfaction plummet.

The license limit has prevented retail chains from selling alcoholic beverages at all but a handful of locations.

Retail systems. Retail chains vary from being very long to very short.

The company also manufactures a line of denim clothing for the Express retail chain , Viramontes said.

The environmentally friendly retail chain will combine its Web operations with its retail and mail order activities.

Upscale retail chains are doing the same with specially formulated baby creams and lotions.


One of the things that distinguished Belmodes from its rivals was the small chain of shops Rose herself had launched.

Hundreds of smaller chains and stores went out of business, many hurt by price wars waged by appliance chains.

Most active construction is coming from the smaller chains and operators like Quality Inns.

This small chain specialises in banking, business, accountancy and law.



Here the choke chain is relaxed, Note that the leash itself is held in your right hand.

Similarly the choke chain will again tighten, encouraging your pet to walk alongside you.

Also, long walks, like choke chains , are out of the question.

Remove the normal collar before fitting the choke chain , so that they can not become tangled together.

This is the approximate length of choke chain which will be required.

Always ensure that the choke chain is positioned correctly.


He got out the cheating stick and clipped the peg, swarming up in a daisy chain of quick-draws.

We were all linked in a vast and rhythmic coincidence, a daisy chain of rumor, suspicion and secret wish.

Have you ever made a daisy chain ?


Caesium accumulates up the food chain from the soil through vegetation to contaminate meat.

The next step: Move down the food chain and look for retail partners such as drugstores.

Evidence has also emerged that oil has entered the food chain after being ingested by fish such as salmon.

The only true amateurs left are the ones on the bottom end of the highlights-film, commercial-endorsement food chain .

This is the first time a high street fast food chain has linked up with a theme park.

In 1993 more than 500 people fell ill and four died after eating hamburgers from the Jack-in-the-Box fast food chain .

Environmentalists have warned that dioxins accumulate in fat and milk and will work their way through the food chain .

Once formulated, they remain for ever in the environment and build up in food chains and ultimately in our bodies.


He did a stint on a chain gang , and he became a professional boxer for a while.

Citizens have loved his reintroduction of the chain gang and the Army-surplus tents he erected to ease jail overcrowding.

Tethered like a chain gang , the herd is led away between koonkies.


Average room and car rates based on averages from 10 leading hotel chains and six car-rental companies.

Its strength and abrasion resistance have made it ideal for shoe cleaning cloths, as provided by most hotel chains .

The group would continue to manage its various hotel chains , which include Sofitel, Mercure and Novotel.

Acorn would provide us with a ready-made hotel chain ripe for further expansion.

We worked with one hotel chain that avowed to the point of dementia its commitment to customer service and comfort.

But although he now runs a hotel chain with 160 properties in 47 countries, he has never actually managed a hotel.


But in the end the resident was only allowed to inspect the security of the chain link fence around the dump.

About every third property boasted a brand-new chain link fence, erected to corral Cod knows what kind of beast.

Through the mouth there appears to be the remains of a chain link from which the knife would have been suspended.

A couple of the boys did once, climbing over the high chain link fence around the playground.

Before she had taken five steps she hit the chain link fencing that was invisible in the darkness.

The Republicans have fenced off the convention with chain link .

Poking through chain link fences at factories and construction sites.


Eleventh-century Norman knight with chain mail coat, kite-shaped shield, sword and long lance which could be used from horseback.

It began to appear more convoluted, interlocking chain mail ... some sort of suit.

Knight, mounting his horse, wearing chain mail of the type developed from eastern sources during Barbarossa's reign.

Within a space of some twenty years, chain mail virtually replaced a variety of earlier forms of armour.

Round shields, chain mail and simple conical helmets are clearly visible.


The whole mountain chain originated from this cleft as lava surged up and spilled down on both sides.

The edge of the overriding plate is crumpled and uplifted to form a mountain chain parallel to the trench.

They are crude and narrow compared to the Dwarf mines of the other mountain chains and prone to collapsing unexpectedly.

During that time continents, oceans, and mountain chains have moved horizontally and vertically through large distances.

The thickened edges of these rafts are of course the mountain chains such as the Andes.

Sibley lives in a remote corner of a remote mountain chain in the wilds of Arizona.


As soon as such heterogeneity enters into a polymer chain , information technology becomes a theoretical possibility.

The forces between atoms on a polymer chain are about two orders of magnitude stronger than those between chains.

Scientists predicted that solitons should be very mobile, but only along the polymer chains .

The alignment of polymer chains at specific distances from one another to form crystalline nuclei will be assisted when intermolecular forces are strong.

The parameter is the average mean square of the unperturbed dimension, which is a characteristic parameter for a given polymer chain .


The sample was finally resuspended in 50 µl of TRIS-EDTA buffer. polymerase chain reactions Two sets of primers were used.

The demise of Woosung could have a chain reaction on other subcontractors relying on a government helping hand, analysts said.

Details of the polymerase chain reaction are given in a previous publication.

His answer sparked a chain reaction that led, almost forty years after the article was published, to the Macintosh computer.

Instability would spread like a chain reaction .

A new cycle of chain reactions could destabilize the system of people who use, provide and pay for health care.

Metaphor: e.g. chain reaction 3.

In a chain reaction on a world scale, prices on innumerable commodities skyrocketed within weeks.


Burger King is widely regarded as the quality fast food hamburger restaurant chain .

And other quick-serve restaurant chains , such as Boston Market, are jumping on the bandwagon.

The steak restaurant chain Buffalo Grill withdrew the cuts from its menus last weekend.

The Golden-based restaurant chain has jumped 12 percent in the last two trading sessions.

The demographic data we have provided is accurate enough, but no resemblance to any existing restaurant chain is intended.

A fast food restaurant chain in the United States is pioneering the use of pagers for its waiters.

Lately, the restaurant chain , which caters mainly to blue-collar diners, has been hurt by competition.


The Habitat store chain was yesterday fined £8,800 at Basingstoke for overcharging.

The department store chain will consolidate its regional businesses into its Schaumburg, Illinois.

But Agriculture Minister Nick Brown stressed he does not blame the store chains .

The department store chain is giving up a well-located outlet in its bid to compete in the shrinking department store retailing world.

Branching out: A northern store chain is helping to open branches of a different kind.

Department store chain Shekem was off 0. 25 percent.

The site features several large retailers, including Gottschalks Inc., a California based department store chain .


The suspect meat, more than eight tonnes of it, ended up in three national supermarket chains .

That shuts out producers such as supermarket chains , where loaves are baked from batches of frozen dough made elsewhere.

Some retailers use distinctive packaging for their own brands, eg one supermarket chain packaged everything in bright yellow.

Prices even vary within supermarket chains .

A supermarket chain gave the name Pemberley to its own brand of champagne.

Consider Britain, where Tesco, a supermarket chain , is now the brand with the biggest ad budget.

Forecourts are drastically cutting prices after the Tesco supermarket chain announced a massive drop in the cost of a gallon.

The big supermarket chains certainly regained favour in 2000.


According to SynQuest, this will allow Ford to plan and simulate its logistics process, making the supply chain more reliable.

The toy store, fried chicken and office supply chains were stated since Lew became chairman in 1991.

There are four stages to the project: Vision of Guinness Brewing's future supply chain requirements.

Discovery of the present supply chain capabilities and the gap between where the company is today and the vision for the future.

The buy-out advances Nissan's supply chain restructuring and gives Vantec independence to pursue third party business aggressively.

If you want more information on supply chains , contact your departmental representative on the project.



The defendants were held not liable for this injury, as the plaintiff's unreasonable conduct broke the chain of causation.

Unable to bear the humiliation, one night he broke the chain and ran away, never to return.

I let it get up to seventy, and then broke the chain in my panic.

Because such a policy did nothing to break the chain of capitalism worldwide.

The defendant was held liable for the loss, as the thief's act did not break the chain of causation.

In order to break the chain of causation the third party act must be independent of the breach of duty.

The effect was to trigger off a largely middle-class uprising designed to break the chains hampering economic growth and professional advancement.


Under these conditions, however, ethylene forms short chains or rings, rather than the long chains of the solid polymer.

Rally organizers with colored arm-bands link hands, forming a human chain at the crosswalks.

We can form a human chain of Berliners along the Wall which no one dare break, nomatterhow many soldiers they send.

Primary structure refers to the joining of the amino acids through peptide bonds to form polypeptide chains .

The policy process is dynamic, with inputs, conversion, outputs and feedback forming a continuous chain .

The edge of the overriding plate is crumpled and uplifted to form a mountain chain parallel to the trench.

These may be simple or complex, forming saddles when intermediate chains are shortened.

In some minerals two single chains are combined to form double chains, in which the chains are linked by cations.


Lord Kemsley and Lord Rothermere owned chains of provincial dailies too.

Keen on promoting venture capital, Viney owns a chain of wine bars as a sideline.

In 1910, only sixty-two dailies were owned by chains , which averaged less than five newspapers per chain.

Now, when the economy shifts daily, owning the whole chain of production is a liability.


Hugh called from the loo to tell her that pulling the chain produced a cascade of silence.

He pulled the chain that hung above his right shoulder.

Each time you wanted to go up or down you had to pull a chain .

At the left of the altar, he reached up and pulled the chain that brought down the attic stairs.

He pulled the chain that hung down from the water tank.

He pulled the chain above the commode and there was a rush of water.

He pulled the chain above him.


What the defendant has done is to set in motion a chain of events.

You set up a money chain that makes it impossible to trace the source.

That sets off a chain reaction of difficulties.


human chain

Firefighters formed a human chain to carry the four brothers to safety but they found to be dead at hospital.

Rally organizers with colored arm-bands link hands, forming a human chain at the crosswalks.

The crowd was on the point of becoming a lynch mob, but were still linked in a human chain.

They had dropped out of the human chain of ancestors and descendants that had formerly bound them all together.

Traders sitting elbow to elbow formed a human chain.

We can form a human chain of Berliners along the Wall which no one dare break, nomatterhow many soldiers they send.

link in the chain

Development itself can be a link in the chain of stress and violence.

He felt like a useless and unused link in the chain.

I am a link in the chain, a bond of connection between persons.

That's what I was - a link in the chain.

The law does not allow the consumer to ignore the intermediate links in the chain.

The schools are a critical link in the chain, but only one.

This is the weakest link in the chain, and we have a system for chasing referees and eventually going elsewhere.

This time, it was the primacy of the office as gathering place that was the weak link in the chain.

the food chain

Pollution is having a long-term impact on the food chain in the bay.


A mugger tore Sylvia's gold chain from her neck.

It's the largest mountain chain in North America.

The gates were held shut with a chain and a padlock.


For this reason any purchaser will wish to see that all documents in the chain of title are properly stamped.

Hanging from hooks on the wall were sets of wire-pulling devices, complete with chain winch and gripper.

He came to the defense of his younger brother, Von, by swinging a chain at his attacker.

He opened the door, allowing it to reach only the length of the chain .

Hundreds of smaller chains and stores went out of business, many hurt by price wars waged by appliance chains.

Lewis's, a provincial chain of department stores which employed 3,400 people, is in the hands of the receivers.

The coffee chain has rolled out the concept in a number of markets across the country.

II. verb




Into this pool plunge rank after rank of children chained together .

The tape shows that the women were not chained together .


And he was chained up - possibly to a Roman soldier.

Patients were chained up , and the noise would have been incredible.


The gates were chained shut.


Fettered and chained, with a mat of coarse brown hair, with sly, utterly mad eyes, but Human.

Have these people been in a time-machine or chained in dimly-lit rooms in Beirut?

Like that to chain her up and keep all the food away.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.