Meaning of DRIVING in English

DRIVING

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a burning/driving ambition (= a very strong ambition )

She had a burning ambition to become a racing car driver.

a driving ban British English

He was given a three-year driving ban and a fine.

a driving licence British English , a driver's license American English

80 percent of 18 year olds had a driver’s license.

a driving test

A driving test can be a nerve-racking experience.

a driving/parking/traffic offence

Speeding is the most common traffic offence.

a driving/swimming etc lesson

Dad said he'd pay for driving lessons as my birthday present.

autograph driving

disqualified from driving

He was disqualified from driving .

driving licence

driving rain (= heavy rain that is falling fast or being blown along )

They struggled to walk against driving rain.

driving range

driving school

driving snow (= falling fast )

We walked home through driving snow.

driving test

driving...crazy (= really annoying me )

Turn that music down. It’s driving me crazy !

driving...mad

He’s been driving me mad !

driving...nuts (= annoying me very much )

Turn that radio off. It’s driving me nuts .

driving...up the wall (= making me annoyed )

That noise is driving me up the wall .

drunk driving

motorway driving

Is motorway driving included in the driving test?

reckless driving

He was accused of causing death by reckless driving .

within travelling/commuting/driving distance of sth (= near enough to make travel to or from a place possible )

The job was not within travelling distance of my home.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

bad

The typical conjecture is that if you protect car driver from their mistakes you encourage bad driving .

Lesser sins include getting drunk, fiddling company expenses, eating too much - and bad driving .

Police say bad driving is still the biggest danger.

Police say bad driving , and not the weather, was to blame.

Between tests, the emergency services showed how they have to step in when bad driving takes its toll.

careless

He was fined 300-pounds and given six penalty points for careless driving .

Clearly, the difference between reckless driving and careless driving is one of degree.

He was over the drink-drive limit and had a previous conviction for careless driving .

A van driver involved in the accident has been charged with causing death by careless driving .

Neighbour Martin Clarke, 31, has been charged with causing his death by careless driving .

He pleaded guilty to careless driving in a letter to the court and was fined £300 and ordered to pay £20 costs.

Consider careless driving in such circumstances. 5 &038; 6.

A 31-year-old labourer was yesterday charged with causing the death of Mr Adams by careless driving after drinking excessively.

dangerous

He: Vowed again that he would increase the top penalty for causing death by dangerous driving to ten years.

Read in studio A man has appeared in court accused of causing the death of a pensioner by dangerous driving .

The two drivers were later charged with dangerous driving , but it was widely suspected that they had been acting on orders.

One of them, who's fifteen, is also charged with dangerous driving .

The procurator-fiscal insisted on pressing the more serious charge of killing some one by dangerous driving , while being drunk.

He's charged with causing death by dangerous driving , failing to stop and report an accident and driving with excess alcohol.

If their driving is hazardous enough they can be charged with dangerous driving and tried before magistrates or even a crown court.

Chapman, of Billericay, admitted dangerous driving after drinking twice the legal limit.

drunken

Did you know he'd been convicted of drunken driving ?

Bad cheque passing has risen by 87 percent and drunken driving by 205 percent.

These include drunken driving , underage drinking and research into alcohol related problems.

This might be justified as a means of signalling the connection between drunken driving and fatal accidents.

For example, in the United States the Century Council targets drunken driving and underage drinking.

Could be drunken driving , manslaughter, who knows?

guilty

He pleaded guilty to careless driving in a letter to the court and was fined £300 and ordered to pay £20 costs.

At an earlier hearing, he'd pleaded guilty to driving with excess alcohol in his blood.

Henderson pleaded guilty to careless driving , driving while disqualified and without any proper insurance cover.

He was found guilty of driving without due care and attention.

reckless

They claim he should have faced a Crown Court judge for causing death by reckless driving .

Motorsists seen tail-gating risk prosecution for reckless driving .

Hazlett was also charged with reckless driving causing grievous bodily harm to two people.

Clearly, the difference between reckless driving and careless driving is one of degree.

McCausland was also sentenced to six months for reckless driving and for driving without insurance, the sentences to run concurrently.

He admitted two offences of taking a car without consent, reckless driving and driving while disqualified.

The driver was eventually sentenced to six months in prison for reckless driving .

Burgess, 21, admitted three offences of reckless driving and three of driving while disqualified.

■ NOUN

drink

Last year three and a half thousand people were prosecuted for drink driving in the Thames Valley area.

Voice over Clarke was convicted of drink driving ten years ago and banned for 18 months.

He'd been disqualified for not having insurance and disqualified before that for drink driving .

Increasing penalties for those convicted of drink driving .

He had three previous convictions for drink driving and three for careless driving.

All sides say the battle against drink driving is yet to be won.

Since breath tests were introduced at the end of the Sixties, more than 25,000 people have been killed by drink driving .

Other victims of drink driving have backed the new campaign.

■ VERB

admit

Read in studio A driver who towed another car at a hundred miles an hour on a motorway has admitted reckless driving .

He admitted driving with excess alcohol but said he shouldn't be banned.

Shaun Largue had admitted reckless driving at Teesside Crown Court.

ban

Judge Angus Stroyan sentenced him to 12 months in jail and banned him from driving for two years.

He was banned from driving for 6 months and ordered to do 200 hours of community service.

He was banned from driving for a year.

Both were also banned from driving for a year and ordered to pay £25 costs.

His father, Earl Bathurst, was banned from driving after a drink-drive conviction 4 years ago.

charge

William McCabe, who's sixty-three, is charged with driving with excess alcohol.

If their driving is hazardous enough they can be charged with dangerous driving and tried before magistrates or even a crown court.

disqualify

If you were disqualified from driving , this two year period starts when the period of disqualification has ended.

Magistrates gave him a conditional discharge and disqualified him from driving for two years.

He was disqualified from driving for six months.

The magistrates fined her £130 and disqualified her from driving for 19 months.

Judge William Hannah jailed him for 12 months and disqualified him from driving for six months.

Harris, who also picked up a speeding conviction last year, was disqualified from driving for 21 days and fined £100.

At the time of the crash in July, he'd been disqualified from driving .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

in the driving seat

Back in the driving seat for the first time in 40 years the memories came flooding back.

Bullock found himself in the driving seat after Davies was forced to play sideways out of a ditch.

It was clear that, in the early stages of embryo development, the cytoplasm is in the driving seat .

Kev sat with eyes closed in the driving seat .

Once Smith's penalty goal had cut the Cambridge lead to two points Oxford appeared to be in the driving seat .

So long as the receiver is in the driving seat neither the owners nor the unsecured creditors can do much to remove him.

What in the world would the company be like in a few years' time if such people were in the driving seat ?

what sb is driving at

She didn't mention "sexual harassment," but I knew what she was driving at.

Many candidates don't recognize what the question is driving at.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Driving in central London is pretty unpleasant.

I got driving lessons for my 18th birthday.

She was arrested for dangerous driving .

The man was stopped by police for an alleged driving offence.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A man has been charged with causing death by reckless driving .

Hazlett was also charged with reckless driving causing grievous bodily harm to two people.

It took him half an hour's fast driving up the autobahn to reach the disaster point.

Last year three and a half thousand people were prosecuted for drink driving in the Thames Valley area.

II. adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

experience

Because although economic considerations are normally behind the switch, many new converts rapidly discover they prefer the diesel driving experience .

The subjects were broadly similar to those used in this study in terms of age and driving experience .

Of course, there are times when a greater sense of control does more than simply enhance the driving experience .

The first questionnaire was about their driving experience including the questions about accidents and near misses that were reported in Study 1.

The fact: driving Porsche's twenty six year old 911 is still one of the world's greatest driving experiences .

force

But is kinship really an important driving force behind cooperation in male lions?

However, we all know that it is important and that it is the driving force of structure.

Whatever the driving force , heat conservation has many advantages.

There's no doubt who was the driving force behind their stunning business success.

Mrs Frizzell was the ruthless driving force behind his business.

The driving force of a flourishing society is individual acquisitiveness which creates demands that boost trade and increase the general wealth.

This suggests that the major transfer of care from state hospitals has taken place without any specific political driving force .

forces

The basic driving forces propelling firms abroad come from managers' desires for growth, for cost reduction and for control.

One of the driving forces behind this recent expansion is the growth of services.

We single out technology and the structure of international finance as the primary driving forces for change.

Morality and pacifist emotion were the driving forces behind much of the uninformed criticism of the Sandys Reformation.

Intelligent and articulate he became one of the driving forces in relaunching the fortunes of the Bègles club.

These driving forces are directly related to the supply driven nature of health care.

His energy, kindness and humour were driving forces in the Company's development.

This in fact was one of the driving forces behind the development of activity-based costing - the labour-hour basis was no longer applicable.

rain

The darkness was so complete that no one could have seen her through the driving rain and almost instantly the house disappeared.

Inside, peace reigns, even in driving rain .

There was continuous driving rain , and a cold that numbed me.

The air was full of driving rain as Jack climbed the hill.

He took the Mascot Missile's keys from the tray in the hall and went out into the driving rain .

He let go and ducked back into the driving rain .

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.