Meaning of HYPOTHESIS in English
 HYPOTHESIS

noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
put forward a theory/hypothesis
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Many theories have been put forward as to the building’s original purpose.
refute a hypothesis/a claim/an idea etc
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an attempt to refute Darwin’s theories
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
alternative
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An alternative hypothesis , which has considerable intuitive plausibility, needs to be refuted before this assumption can be justified.
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Thus no evidence to support this alternative hypothesis is available.
natural
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Friedman's statement of the natural rate hypothesis went a long way towards reconciling such evidence with basic classical theory.
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In later versions of the natural rate hypothesis , Friedman was tacitly to abandon this view altogether.
null
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This gives variables of exactly known distribution, so that we can calculate the significance of any given peak under the null hypothesis .
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The researcher may actually expect that the null hypothesis is faulty and should be rejected in favor of the alternative H1.
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The null hypothesis that can then be tested by using the F distribution as explained in chapter 3.
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The use of the null hypothesis does have one very practical use.
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When this indicated a probability of less than 0.05 for the null hypothesis StudentNewmanKeuls analyses were performed to determine which values differed significantly.
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Departures from the null hypothesis were assessed at the 5% significance level.
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For the short observations, the null hypothesis is that only Poisson noise is present.
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The null hypothesis of no heterogeneity can not be rejected in any of the variants of the model.
rational
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We first consider tests of the rational expectations hypothesis in those relatively few cases when the expected variable is directly measured.
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It was this criticism of the adaptive expectations hypothesis that led to the development of the rational expectations hypothesis.
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Possession of such direct observations on expectations would allow us to test the validity of the rational expectations hypothesis in two ways.
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This aggregate supply curve is of fundamental importance to the macroeconomic policy conclusions often drawn from the rational expectations hypothesis .
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Therefore the rational expectations hypothesis suggests a valid method of incorporating additional information when estimating macroeconomic models which contain expectation terms.
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Direct observations on what people are expecting allow a second and stronger test of the rational expectations hypothesis .
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Studies using those that do exist provide little support for the rational expectations hypothesis .
theistic
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Like Laplace in his famous reply to Napoleon, Humean atheists have no need for the theistic hypothesis .
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The third, theistic , hypothesis of creation is by far the best explanation for the existence of the universe.
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Far from this being the case, it is exactly what might be expected if the theistic hypothesis is true.
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It points us to the theistic hypothesis rather than to the necessity hypothesis.
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The theistic hypothesis postulates one necessarily actual reality, the mind that conceives all possibilities.
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Some interpretations, at least, of the hypothesis of natural selection do conflict with the theistic hypothesis on three main counts.
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The ultimate evolutionary victory, on the theistic hypothesis , does not go to the most ruthless exterminators and most fecund replicators.
working
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The counsellor constructs a working hypothesis which attempts to see meaning and connections in the counsellee's social performance.
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The working hypothesis is tested and refined through the process of discussion and questioning.
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But on the whole, a gradually rising population throughout the ninth century seems an acceptable working hypothesis .
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Recognizing the internalized selfimage of the counsellee is an important perceptual skill in arriving at a working hypothesis .
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A recurrent working hypothesis of geneculture coevolutionary theory is that the epigenetic rules are shaped by natural selection over many generations.
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The evidence, particularly of Willis, would support this working hypothesis .
■ NOUN
continuum
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Romaine, Le Page and TabouretKeller and others have raised serious theoretical objections to the continuum hypothesis itself, as described above.
rate
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Friedman's statement of the natural rate hypothesis went a long way towards reconciling such evidence with basic classical theory.
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In later versions of the natural rate hypothesis , Friedman was tacitly to abandon this view altogether.
■ VERB
confirm
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This project will help us to confirm or reject this hypothesis .
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The magnetic hypothesis of homing is not yet confirmed .
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The olfactory hypothesis has not been confirmed either.
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An experiment of Charles Brown has confirmed Marler's hypothesis .
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This study can not provide data to confirm or refute this hypothesis , however.
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She first confirmed Watson's hypothesis that in the tobacco mosaic virus small protein subunits were arranged in a helical fashion.
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Do our results confirm this hypothesis ?
explain
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Such results may be explained by the hypothesis that serotonin is more responsible for regulating mood than for controlling alcohol cravings.
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This bizarre behavior is explained by the efficientmarket hypothesis , which we will discuss at the end of this chapter.
prove
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The scientist should try to prove the hypothesis wrong.
reject
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This project will help us to confirm or reject this hypothesis .
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As previously suggested, a researcher is usually interested in setting up a hypothesis which he really would like to reject .
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Decisions to retain or reject an hypothesis are fairly straightforwardly determined by the results of experimental tests.
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Baillie etal. reject the speculative efficiency hypothesis in all cases.
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The application of these tests may increase the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is in fact true.
suggest
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Animal research has been much more consistent in suggesting this hypothesis than human research has.
support
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Subsequent studies have supported the hypothesis that population mixing can influence the incidence of childhood leukaemia.
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These results support the hypothesis that individuals are willing to pay more in order to live in communities that provide highquality services.
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This supports the hypothesis that adaptation is due to visual change.
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Some epidemiological studies support the Fathalla hypothesis .
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This tends to support the hypothesis that although customers will complain about price increases it does not necessarily alter their visiting behaviour.
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As a result, this supports the hypothesis that men are more specialised in the leftbrain than women.
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Seventeen pages of notes support his hypothesis .
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The finding that their number is neither affected by ranitidine nor by cisapride treatment does not support this hypothesis .
test
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The project will test this hypothesis using data collected from teachers and from pupils.
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In Hawaii, many efforts were made to test the vaccination hypothesis .
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Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that postoperative pain decreases subcutaneous oxygen partial pressure.
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Thereafter he would be testing his hypothesis .
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However, to fully test this hypothesis , it was necessary to investigate more than one domain.
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A serious problem arises in attempting to test this hypothesis empirically: how can trade union militancy be measured?
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If the cases of so called paradoxical pain were opioid sensitive why not test that hypothesis directly?
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Julia set out to test this hypothesis .
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
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Our hypothesis is that the dolphins ate contaminated fish, and this affected the dolphins' immune system.
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The results of our experiment confirmed this hypothesis .
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
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Possession of such direct observations on expectations would allow us to test the validity of the rational expectations hypothesis in two ways.
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That, the authors conclude, casts doubt on the refuge hypothesis .
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The evidence, particularly of Willis, would support this working hypothesis .
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This hypothesis generates an infinite set of indifference curves which are convex to the L axis.
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What this means is that there is no way that any hypothesis drawn from Marxist theory can be disproved by empirical investigation.
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What we are attempting is a hypothesis in which I answer for him, while you ask me questions.
Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary. Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5. 2012