Meaning of SEMANTIC in English

SEMANTIC

adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

analyser

Conclusions: At present the semantic analyser uses only first level information.

The syntactic analyser identifies the most syntactically acceptable word strings, whilst the semantic analyser identifies the most semantically plausible.

Practical uses of this technique, and the interrelation with other knowledge sources within the semantic analyser are discussed below.

Collocations represent a further linguistic constraint upon text, and as such may be exploited by the semantic analyser .

analysis

This suggests that it is not only at the levels of syntactic and semantic analysis that language processing is interactive.

This sentence would receive roughly the syntactic and semantic analysis shown in tree 6. 1.

Phonological analysis also interacts with syntactic and semantic analysis.

But semantic analysis also applies to those expressions that are made up of words: phrases and sentences.

There is a parallel to this process of transformation in semantic analysis .

This model allowed only semantic analysis , output from the syntactic analysis and feedback to the lexical and syntactic analysis was forbidden.

It is suggested that semantic analysis using machine-readable dictionaries is restricted to their definitions and not their expansions.

Rule-based methods offer some method of combining the two together - the grammar is able to provide information to the semantic analysis .

category

The grammar took advantage of the limited domain by employing semantic categories and contained many domain specific word combinations.

change

In the early post-war years, a semantic change is detectable.

It is also the case that the structure of a semantic field plays a role in semantic change .

The fact that this is partly a semantic change , reflects the existence of an underlying consensus.

However semantic change often gives an unexpected bonus, which one should accept in this case as in others.

constraint

The semantic constraint may take precedence over acoustic information. 4.2.2.2.

This example illustrates again the important difference between semantic constraints and these sorts of pragmatic constraints.

By choosing to override semantic constraints , the speaker will be speaking nonliterally.

content

Their utterances are syntactically simpler, contain a narrower range of semantic content , and less frequently refer outside the here-and-now.

contrast

Another useful and reliable intuition is that of recurrence of semantic contrast , or semantic proportion.

difference

Most, but not all, of these grammatical differences are correlated with semantic differences.

element

In other words, there is a syntactic or semantic element which might function deictically.

The semantic elements represented by the radicals were not always added because they were needed as disambiguating elements.

field

What dissimilar semantic fields are related through simile?

It is difficult to be very precise about what counts as a semantic field .

Do all time words form a semantic field ?

It is also the case that the structure of a semantic field plays a role in semantic change.

information

For example this can be syntactic and semantic information to ensure more meaningful results, especially for running text.

Taking these two considerations together, it seems reasonable to conclude that semantic information is an integral part of a grammar.

Useful semantic information therefore facilitates the incidence of meaningful strong overlaps in normal text.

Give two reasons for including a representation of semantic information in a grammar. 2.

The syntactic and semantic information about each of these words is then made available to the relevant processors.

Both syntactic and semantic information could be used more effectively than at present.

A number of sources of semantic information are identified, the most notable of which being machine-readable dictionaries and text corpora.

A central issue is whether syntactic and semantic information contribute independently or interact in the comprehension process.

knowledge

This thesis is concerned with the application of semantic knowledge to the problem of text recognition.

The use of semantic knowledge , its theory, application and relevance to text recognition forms the basis of this thesis.

The next section reviews published natural language applications that have in some way addressed the problem of semantic knowledge representation and processing.

But it does appear that asking people what things mean is not necessarily the best way of tapping their semantic knowledge .

Similarly, eye movement studies have been used to demonstrate the role of semantic knowledge in the reading process.

Similarly, the use of semantic knowledge is described in other sections of this thesis.

net

Detecting patterns in a large, complex semantic net is difficult to do without the aid of computer programs.

The semantic net of remedial was expanding and expanding.

In the bottom-up approach the paragraphs are first collected, and the semantic net is built as the paragraphs are indexed.

Rough notes may be entered and do not need to be attached to the semantic net .

To build and maintain a semantic net , indexing of paragraphs and semantic net construction go hand-in-hand.

The purpose of the semantic net is to give people an overview of or handle on the content of the text.

A semantic net lends itself to graphic display, and its meaning tends to be intuitively, if not formally, clear.

The role of the semantic net is being explored in this new environment.

processing

Dispersed through the above discussion are also elements from a kind of linguistic analysis which transcends the traditional syntactic and semantic processing .

As with syntax there are two ways of approaching semantic processing .

The relationship between syntactic and semantic processing has been a central concern of psycholinguistics for the last two decades.

Humans perform both syntactic and semantic processing when reading.

They also have the well-defined approach to semantic processing and have led to theoretically clean and fairly efficient computational representations. 3.2.2.

Published literature on the role of semantic processing within computerised text recognition is sparse.

The aim of semantic processing is to demote word combinations that are not meaningful.

A second approach combines syntactic and semantic processing .

property

But some symbols acquire their additional semantic properties from some characteristic they have as actions or things.

The second question concerning the goals of a semantic theory is, How should the theory handle these semantic properties and relations?

Like the theories Brooke-Rose criticizes in 1958, this view conceives of metaphor in terms of semantic property to be fought over and captured.

Another important semantic property of words, in particular words put together into phrases, is anomaly.

relationship

Hence the expansion of dictionary definitions descends into progressive generality, displaying a weaker and weaker semantic relationship with the original word.

Relationships such as those shown in the hierarchy in Figure 12.1 are known as semantic relationships, representing connections between associated subjects.

Syntactic relationships thus occur in documents, but are less permanent than semantic relationships.

system

A pronunciation is addressed either with or without the mediation of the semantic system - our store of word meanings.

We wish to distinguish between lexical input systems , lexical output systems, and a semantic system.

The ambiguity of the social system is present in the semantic system too.

theory

However, during the present project the limitations of the established semantic theories have become apparent.

A number of semantic theories have been discussed; these are shown to differ widely in terms of their representational aspects.

What should a semantic theory do, and how?

There have been a number of semantic theories proposed.

Thus, if an expression is meaningful, the semantic theory should say so.

To what then, should the present project turn, for its semantic theories , principles, and data sources?

If it has a specific set of meanings, the semantic theory should specify them.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

The semantic distinction between "criticism" and "feedback" can be important.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A semantic constituent which can not be segmented into more elementary semantic constituents will be termed a minimal semantic constituent.

Another important semantic property of words, in particular words put together into phrases, is anomaly.

How might we represent these kinds of facts in a semantic theory?

However, during the present project the limitations of the established semantic theories have become apparent.

It is, of course, perfectly possible for a sentence to exhibit semantic and grammatical deviance simultaneously: 7.

Modifiers can create other complications for compositionality, which must also be reflected in a semantic theory of the language.

The syntactic and semantic information about each of these words is then made available to the relevant processors.

This example illustrates again the important difference between semantic constraints and these sorts of pragmatic constraints.

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