Meaning of AGRICULTURE in English


ag ‧ ri ‧ cul ‧ ture W2 /ˈæɡrɪˌkʌltʃə $ -ər/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: French ; Origin: Latin agricultura , from ager 'field' + cultura 'use of land for crops' ]

the practice or science of farming:

More than 75% of the land is used for agriculture.

—agricultural /ˌæɡrɪˈkʌltʃ ə rəl◂/ adjective :

agricultural land

agricultural labourers

—agriculturalist noun [countable]

⇨ ↑ horticulture

• • •


▪ farm an area of land, used for growing crops or keeping animals:

a 300-hectare farm


a dairy farm


a sheep farm

▪ ranch a very large farm in the western US, Canada, or South America where sheep, cattle, or horses are bred:

a cattle ranch in Wyoming

▪ smallholding British English a piece of land used for farming, that is smaller than an ordinary farm:

a smallholding used for organic farming

▪ plantation a large area of land in a hot country, where crops such as tea, cotton, and sugar are grown:

a rubber plantation


a tea plantation

▪ homestead a piece of land for farming that was given to people in the past by the US and Canadian governments:

He still farms on the family homestead, a hundred years after his grandfather received it.

▪ spread American English informal an area of land used for farming or ranching:

They have a pretty big spread just south of the Canadian border.

▪ market garden an area of land, often with ↑ greenhouse s on it, used for growing vegetables and fruit:

He runs his own market garden, and sells his produce to the big supermarkets.

▪ orchard an area of land with trees, used for growing fruit:

an apple orchard


cherry orchards

▪ allotment British English a small area of land of land, especially in a town or city, which you can use for growing your own vegetables.The land is usually owned by the local council, who charge a very low rent:

We grew the tomatoes on our allotment.

▪ agriculture the practice of farming:

More than 75% of the land is used for agriculture.

▪ arable adjective relating to growing crops:

a lack of arable land

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.