Meaning of ECOSYSTEM in English

e ‧ co ‧ sys ‧ tem /ˈiːkəʊˌsɪstəm, ˈiːkəʊˌsɪstɪm $ ˈiːkoʊ-/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

all the animals and plants in a particular area, and the way in which they are related to each other and to their environment ⇨ ecology

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▪ the environment the air, water, and land on Earth, which is affected by man’s activities:

We need to do more to protect the environment.


How much does air travel damage the environment?

▪ ecosystem technical all the animals and plants that exist in a place, considered as a single system with parts that depend on each other:

the island’s fragile ecosystem


The rapid decline in the number of great sharks is disrupting the marine ecosystem.

▪ habitat the natural home of an animal or plant:

The tree can grow to be 120 feet tall in its natural habitat.

▪ the biosphere technical the Earth’s surface and atmosphere where animals and plants can live:

Scientists are monitoring changes in the global biosphere.

▪ ecology the scientific study of the way in which the animals, plants, and natural features of a place affect and depend on each other:

She’s studying marine ecology.

▪ green adjective [only before noun] relating to the environment or to protecting the environment:

Voters are becoming more concerned about green issues.


The party is keen to demonstrate its green credentials (=show that it thinks the environment is important) .

▪ eco- prefix relating to the environment and protecting the environment:

eco-friendly products (=which do not harm the environment)


eco-tourism (=which does not harm the environment)


eco-warrior (=someone who protests to try to save the environment)


eco-sensitive land (=where the environment is easily damaged)

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.