Meaning of ENERGY in English

ENERGY

en ‧ er ‧ gy S2 W1 AC /ˈenədʒi $ -ər-/ BrE AmE noun ( plural energies )

[ Word Family: adjective : ↑ energetic , ↑ energizing ; verb : ↑ energize ; noun : ↑ energy ; adverb : ↑ energetically ]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Late Latin ; Origin: energia , from Greek energeia 'activity' , from ergon 'work' ]

1 . [uncountable] power that is used to provide heat, operate machines etc:

The water is heated using energy from the sun.

The problem with nuclear energy is dealing with the waste.

2 . [uncountable] the physical and mental strength that makes you able to do things:

Where do those kids get their energy from?

Are you suffering from a lack of energy?

The city is full of creative energy.

I really put a lot of energy into what I do.

He wants to conserve his energy for next week's game (=use as little energy as possible now, so that you have more energy to use later) .

3 . [uncountable] a special power that some people believe exists in their bodies and in some buildings:

There was a lot of energy in the room this morning – did you feel it?

4 . [uncountable] technical in physics, the ability that something has to work or move:

kinetic energy

5 . sb’s energies the effort and interest that you use to do things

apply/devote/channel your energies into/to something

She’s devoting all her energies to the wedding plans.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)

■ verbs

▪ generate/produce energy

a power plant that generates energy from household waste

▪ supply/provide energy

The wind farm will provide enough energy for 100,000 homes.

▪ store energy

Batteries store the energy from the solar panels.

▪ use energy

Washing machines use a lot of energy.

▪ conserve energy (=not waste any energy)

An efficient boiler will conserve energy and save you money.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + energy

▪ solar energy

The water pump is powered by solar energy.

▪ nuclear/atomic energy

a report on the cost of nuclear energy

▪ wind/wave energy

The windmill uses wind energy to crush grain and pump water.

▪ renewable energy (=energy such as solar or wind energy that can be replaced naturally)

Switching to sources of renewable energy will reduce carbon emissions.

▪ alternative energy (=energy from sources other than oil, coal, or nuclear energy)

It is the first form of public transport to be powered by alternative energy.

▪ clean energy (=which does not cause pollution)

Iceland possesses sufficient quantities of clean energy sources that it does not need to rely on fossil fuels.

■ energy + NOUN

▪ energy use

30% of all our energy use is in the home.

▪ energy efficiency

This guide provides advice on ways of improving energy efficiency.

▪ energy consumption

We all need to reduce our energy consumption.

▪ energy needs/requirements

65% of the country’s energy needs are met by imported oil.

▪ energy production

hydro-electricity and other methods of energy production

▪ energy resources

The world’s energy resources are being used up at an alarming rate.

▪ an energy shortage

California experienced energy shortages that in turn led to power outages.

▪ an energy crisis

Europe could soon face an energy crisis.

▪ energy supplies

We must secure the country’s future energy supplies.

▪ an energy company

a state-owned energy company

▪ the energy industry

regulation of the energy industry

▪ an energy bill

We are looking at ways of cutting our energy bill.

▪ energy prices

Energy prices are likely to rise significantly in the near future.

■ phrases

▪ a source/form of energy

Coal is more expensive than other sources of energy.

▪ the demand for energy

The demand for energy in developing countries will continue to grow.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)

■ verbs

▪ have energy

He always has plenty of energy!

▪ put some energy into something

Try to put more energy into your game.

▪ channel your energy into something ( also devote your energy to something ) (=use most of your energy doing something)

She should channel more of her energy into her studies.

▪ conserve energy (=use as little energy as possible)

The lions spend much of the day sleeping, conserving energy for the hunt.

▪ run out of energy (=have no more energy)

The players seemed to be running out of energy.

▪ lack energy (=have no energy)

She lacked the energy to continue.

▪ something takes/requires energy

Climbing with a full backpack takes a lot of energy.

▪ your energy flags (=it becomes less and you become tired)

After eight laps of the running track, my energy began to flag.

■ phrases

▪ be full of energy/be bursting with energy (=have a lot of energy)

I felt happy and full of energy.

|

The stage was bursting with energy.

▪ a lack of energy

Common symptoms include a loss of appetite and a lack of energy.

▪ a burst of energy (=a short sudden increase in energy)

He tried to summon up one final burst of energy, but his legs wouldn’t respond.

■ adjectives

▪ boundless energy (=that seems to have no limit)

The children ran up and down the beach with boundless energy.

▪ youthful energy (=energy that young people naturally have)

She is very talented and full of youthful energy.

▪ creative energy (=that makes you want to write, draw, paint etc)

We have seen an explosion of creative energy from the band this year.

▪ nervous energy (=energy that comes from being nervous or excited)

She seems to thrive on nervous energy.

■ energy + NOUN

▪ energy levels (=the amount of energy someone has)

Regular exercise increases your energy levels.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.