Meaning of HYPERBOLE in English
hy ‧ per ‧ bo ‧ le /haɪˈpɜːbəli $ -ɜːr-/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable and countable]
[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: Greek , 'too much of something, hyperbole' , from hyperballein 'to go beyond limits' ]
a way of describing something by saying it is much bigger, smaller, worse etc than it actually is SYN exaggeration :
It was not hyperbole to call it the worst storm in twenty years.
—hyperbolic /ˌhaɪpəˈbɒlɪk◂ $ -pərˈbɑː-/ adjective
• • •
■ techniques used in language
▪ metaphor a way of describing something by referring to it as something different and suggesting that it has similar qualities to that thing:
The beehive is a metaphor for human society.
▪ simile an expression that describes something by comparing it with something else, using the words as or like , for example ‘as white as snow’:
The poet uses the simile ‘soft like clay’.
▪ irony the use of words that are the opposite of what you really mean, often in order to be amusing:
‘I’m so happy to hear that,’ he said, with more than a trace of irony in his voice.
▪ bathos a sudden change from a subject that is beautiful, moral, or serious to something that is ordinary, silly, or not important:
The play is too sentimental and full of bathos.
▪ hyperbole a way of describing something by saying that it is much bigger, smaller, worse etc than it actually is – used especially to excite people’s feelings:
In his speeches, he used a lot of hyperbole.
▪ alliteration the use of several words together that all begin with the same sound, in order to make a special effect, especially in poetry:
the alliteration of the ‘s’ sound in ‘sweet birds sang softly’
▪ imagery the use of words to describe ideas or actions in a way that makes the reader connect the ideas with pictures in their mind:
the use of water imagery in Fitzgerald’s novel ‘The Great Gatsby’
She uses the imagery of a bird’s song to represent eternal hope.
▪ rhetorical question a question that you ask as a way of making a statement, without expecting an answer:
When he said ‘how can these attitudes still exist in a civilized society?’, he was asking a rhetorical question.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012