Meaning of SLOWDOWN in English


slow ‧ down /ˈsləʊdaʊn $ ˈsloʊ-/ BrE AmE noun

1 . [countable usually singular] a reduction in activity or speed

slowdown in

a slowdown in the US economy

2 . [countable] American English a period when people deliberately work slowly in order to protest about something

• • •


▪ recession a period when a country’s economic growth stops and there is less trade:

The industry has cut jobs due to the recession.


fears that the economy may be sliding into recession

▪ depression a long period during which there is a bad recession, so that there is very little business activity and a lot of people do not have jobs:

During the depression of the 1930s, as many as 20% of the population were jobless.

▪ slump a fairly short period when there is a reduction in business and many people lose their jobs:

The slump in the housing market is making it difficult for people to sell their homes.

▪ slowdown a period when there is a reduction in business activity, that may be the start of a recession:

High prices could tip the slowdown in the US into a world recession.

▪ downturn a period during which there is a reduction in business activity and economic conditions become worse, when before the economy was growing:

Public spending may reduce the effects of the downturn.

▪ crash an occasion when the value of stocks and shares on a stock market falls suddenly and by a large amount, causing economic problems:

The Wall Street Crash of 1929 was disastrous for not only the American economy, but for the world economy.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.