Meaning of SLOWDOWN in English
slow ‧ down /ˈsləʊdaʊn $ ˈsloʊ-/ BrE AmE noun
1 . [countable usually singular] a reduction in activity or speed
a slowdown in the US economy
2 . [countable] American English a period when people deliberately work slowly in order to protest about something
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▪ recession a period when a country’s economic growth stops and there is less trade:
The industry has cut jobs due to the recession.
fears that the economy may be sliding into recession
▪ depression a long period during which there is a bad recession, so that there is very little business activity and a lot of people do not have jobs:
During the depression of the 1930s, as many as 20% of the population were jobless.
▪ slump a fairly short period when there is a reduction in business and many people lose their jobs:
The slump in the housing market is making it difficult for people to sell their homes.
▪ slowdown a period when there is a reduction in business activity, that may be the start of a recession:
High prices could tip the slowdown in the US into a world recession.
▪ downturn a period during which there is a reduction in business activity and economic conditions become worse, when before the economy was growing:
Public spending may reduce the effects of the downturn.
▪ crash an occasion when the value of stocks and shares on a stock market falls suddenly and by a large amount, causing economic problems:
The Wall Street Crash of 1929 was disastrous for not only the American economy, but for the world economy.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012