Meaning of SPECIES in English


spe ‧ cies W2 /ˈspiːʃiːz/ BrE AmE noun ( plural species ) [countable]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: 'appearance, kind' , from specere 'to look (at)' ]

a group of animals or plants whose members are similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants ⇨ genus :

Seven species of birds of prey have been observed.

pandas and other endangered species (=ones that may soon no longer exist)

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▪ endangered (=used about a species of which there are very few still alive, so that it may soon not exist)

The park is a sanctuary for 41 endangered species.

▪ protected

Elephants are a protected species in Indonesia.

▪ rare

The area contains many rare species of plants.

▪ common

Here you will see most of the common species of African wildlife.

▪ extinct (=no longer existing)

About a hundred species are becoming extinct every day.

▪ new (=not known about before, or not existing before )

A new species of spider has been discovered in a field in Cambridgeshire.

▪ native (=having always been in a particular country)

Desert broom is a species native to Arizona.

▪ bird/animal/plant species

You can see many different bird species on the canal.

■ verbs

▪ a species is found somewhere

This species is found only in the Southern Hemisphere.

▪ a species lives somewhere (=used about animals)

Many rainforest species cannot live anywhere else.

▪ a species grows somewhere (=used about plants)

The species grows wild in Europe.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.