Meaning of TEMPERATURE in English

TEMPERATURE

tem ‧ pera ‧ ture S2 W2 /ˈtemprətʃə, ˈtemprɪtʃə $ -ər/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: temperatura 'mixture' , from temperare ; ⇨ ↑ temper 2 ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a measure of how hot or cold a place or thing is:

The temperature of the water was just right for swimming.

Water boils at a temperature of 100ºC.

2 . sb’s temperature the temperature of your body, especially used as a measure of whether you are sick or not:

The nurse took (=measured) my temperature.

3 . have a temperature ( also be running a temperature ) to have a body temperature that is higher than normal, especially because you are sick:

Susie has a temperature and has gone to bed.

4 . [countable] the temperature of a situation is the way people are reacting, for example whether they are behaving angrily or calmly:

The referee’s decision to give a penalty raised the temperature of the match.

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COLLOCATIONS

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + temperature

▪ high

At high temperatures water is not able to hold as much oxygen.

▪ low

Temperatures were so low most plants could not survive.

▪ constant

The temperature of the room is kept constant.

▪ extreme temperatures

The material has to be able to withstand extreme temperatures.

▪ sub-zero temperatures

They spent six hours on the mountain in sub-zero temperatures.

▪ the air/water temperature

The water temperature should be between 60 and 65°F.

▪ somebody's body temperature

His body temperature was high and he was dehydrated.

■ phrases

▪ a rise in temperature/a temperature rise

The result was a rise in the Earth's temperature.

▪ a drop/fall in temperature

At night there is a dramatic drop in temperature.

▪ a change in temperature

The oil is affected by changes in temperature.

▪ at room temperature

Store the wine at room temperature.

■ verbs

▪ the temperature rises

The temperature rose steadily throughout the morning.

▪ the temperature soars (=rises quickly to a high level)

In summer the temperature can soar to over 40°C (104°F).

▪ the temperature falls/drops

Last winter, the temperature fell below freezing on only five days.

▪ raise the temperature

The thermostat allows you to raise the temperature.

▪ lower the temperature

Paracetomol lowers your body temperature.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.