Meaning of ABDICATE in English


transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈab-di-ˌkāt ]


( -cat·ed ; -cat·ing )

Etymology: Latin abdicatus, past participle of abdicare, from ab- + dicare to proclaim — more at diction

Date: 1541

transitive verb

1. : to cast off : discard

2. : to relinquish (as sovereign power) formally

intransitive verb

: to renounce a throne, high office, dignity, or function

• ab·di·ca·ble -kə-bəl adjective

• ab·di·ca·tion ˌab-di-ˈkā-shən noun

• ab·di·ca·tor ˈab-di-ˌkā-tər noun


abdicate , renounce , resign mean to give up a position with no possibility of resuming it. abdicate implies a giving up of sovereign power or sometimes an evading of responsibility such as that of a parent

abdicated the throne

renounce may replace it but often implies additionally a sacrifice for a greater end

renounced her inheritance by marrying a commoner

resign applies to the giving up of an unexpired office or trust

resigned from the board

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.