Meaning of BITUMEN in English


transcription, транскрипция: [ bə-ˈtyü-mən, bī-, -ˈtü-, especially Brit also ]

ˈbit-yə- noun

Etymology: Middle English bithumen mineral pitch, from Latin bitumin-, bitumen

Date: 15th century

1. : an asphalt of Asia Minor used in ancient times as a cement and mortar

2. : any of various mixtures of hydrocarbons (as tar) often together with their nonmetallic derivatives that occur naturally or are obtained as residues after heat-refining natural substances (as petroleum) ; specifically : such a mixture soluble in carbon disulfide

• bi·tu·mi·ni·za·tion bə-ˌtyü-mə-nə-ˈzā-shən, bī-, -ˌtü- noun

• bi·tu·mi·nize -ˈtyü-mə-ˌnīz, -ˈtü- transitive verb

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.