Meaning of COLON in English

I. ˈkō-lən noun

( plural colons or co·la -lə)

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin, from Greek kolon

Date: 14th century

: the part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum

II. noun

( plural colons or cola )

Etymology: Latin, part of a poem, from Greek kōlon limb, part of a strophe

Date: circa 1550

1. plural cola : a rhythmical unit of an utterance ; specifically in Greek or Latin verse : a system or series of from two to not more than six feet having a principal accent and forming part of a line

2. plural colons

a. : a punctuation mark : used chiefly to direct attention to matter (as a list, explanation, quotation, or amplification) that follows

b. : the sign : used between the parts of a numerical expression of time in hours and minutes (as in 1:15) or in hours, minutes, and seconds (as in 8:25:30), in a bibliographical reference (as in Nation 130:20), in a ratio where it is usually read as “to” (as in 4:1 read “four to one”), or in a proportion where it is usually read as “is to” or when doubled as “as” (as in 2:1::8:4 read “two is to one as eight is to four”)

III. kȯ-ˈlōⁿ, kə-ˈlōn noun

Etymology: French, from Latin colonus

Date: 1888

: a colonial farmer or plantation owner

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.