Meaning of UNIQUE in English

transcription, транскрипция: [ yu̇-ˈnēk ]


Etymology: French, from Latin unicus, from unus one — more at one

Date: 1602

1. : being the only one : sole

his unique concern was his own comfort

I can't walk away with a unique copy. Suppose I lost it? — Kingsley Amis

the unique factorization of a number into prime factors


a. : being without a like or equal : unequaled

could stare at the flames, each one new, violent, unique — Robert Coover

b. : distinctively characteristic : peculiar 1

this is not a condition unique to California — Ronald Reagan

3. : unusual

a very unique ball-point pen

we were fairly unique , the sixty of us, in that there wasn't one good mixer in the bunch — J. D. Salinger

Synonyms: see strange

• unique·ly adverb

• unique·ness noun


Many commentators have objected to the comparison or modification (as by somewhat or very ) of unique, often asserting that a thing is either unique or it is not. Objections are based chiefly on the assumption that unique has but a single absolute sense, an assumption contradicted by information readily available in a dictionary. Unique dates back to the 17th century but was little used until the end of the 18th when, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, it was reacquired from French. H. J. Todd entered it as a foreign word in his edition (1818) of Johnson's Dictionary, characterizing it as “affected and useless.” Around the middle of the 19th century it ceased to be considered foreign and came into considerable popular use. With popular use came a broadening of application beyond the original two meanings (here numbered 1 and 2a). In modern use both comparison and modification are widespread and standard but are confined to the extended senses 2b and 3. When sense 1 or sense 2a is intended, unique is used without qualifying modifiers.

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.