Meaning of STRESS in English

STRESS

I.

noun

1 state of tension

ADJECTIVE

▪ considerable , extreme , great , high , incredible , intense , severe

Separation is a time of high emotional ~.

▪ acute , chronic

▪ excessive , undue

compensation claims for undue ~ in the workplace

▪ added , greater , heightened , increased

▪ low

▪ daily

the daily ~ of teaching

▪ emotional , mental , psychological , social

▪ post-traumatic

He has suffered post-traumatic ~ since the crash.

treatment for post-traumatic ~ disorder

▪ occupational , work-related

▪ family ( esp. AmE )

The program helps workers with work-related and family ~.

▪ environmental

Different organisms react differently to environmental ~.

▪ economic , financial

The high mortgage payments put them under severe financial ~.

… OF STRESS

▪ level

Many workers experience a high level of ~ in their daily life.

VERB + STRESS

▪ cause , create

A divorce causes children great emotional ~.

▪ avoid , remove

▪ add to , increase

▪ alleviate , decrease , ease , lessen , minimize , reduce , relieve

There are many things an employer can do to ease employees' ~.

▪ be under , endure , experience , have , suffer , suffer from , undergo

He's been under a lot of ~ lately.

▪ cope with , handle , manage , stand , take

He's had to give up his job as leader of the project—he just couldn't take the ~.

STRESS + VERB

▪ bring sth about , bring sth on , cause sth , trigger sth

an illness brought on by ~

STRESS + NOUN

▪ level

high ~ levels

▪ control , management

Staff are encouraged to go on stress-management courses.

▪ response

The release of the stress hormone cortisol is part of the human ~ response.

▪ hormone

▪ reduction , relief

▪ buster ( informal ), reliever (both esp. AmE )

Physical exercise is a great ~ reliever.

PREPOSITION

▪ under ~

He broke under ~ and had to leave.

PHRASES

▪ a source of ~

An overcrowded workplace can be a major source of ~.

▪ a symptom of ~

Tiredness is one of the most common symptoms of ~.

2 emphasis that shows importance

ADJECTIVE

▪ enormous , great

▪ particular , special

▪ equal

▪ undue

VERB + STRESS

▪ lay , place , put

I must lay great ~ on the need for secrecy.

PREPOSITION

▪ with the ~ on

a study of child development, with the ~ on acquisition of social skills

▪ ~ on

There's been a lot of ~ on getting drug sellers off the streets.

3 emphasis on a word, syllable, etc.

ADJECTIVE

▪ main , major , primary , strong

▪ secondary , weak

▪ sentence , word

VERB + STRESS

▪ carry , have , take

Italian words usually have the main ~ on the penultimate syllable in the word.

The first syllable takes the ~.

▪ place , put

▪ mark

Mark the primary ~ in each word.

STRESS + VERB

▪ fall , go

Where does the ~ fall in ‘psychological’?

STRESS + NOUN

▪ pattern

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ on

There's a ~ on the second syllable.

4 physical force

ADJECTIVE

▪ enormous , high

▪ low

▪ constant

▪ equal

There is equal ~ on all parts of the structure.

▪ undue

Avoid exercise that puts undue ~ on the knees.

▪ mechanical

The majority of sports injuries are due to excessive mechanical ~ on joints, ligaments and muscles.

VERB + STRESS

▪ exert , set up

The tower exerts an enormous ~ on the walls.

The movements set up ~es in the earth's crust.

▪ apply , put , subject sth to

Stress is applied to the wood to make it bend.

Standing all day puts ~ on your feet.

The buttresses are subjected to constant ~.

▪ bear , take , withstand

▪ increase , reduce

▪ transfer , transmit

▪ calculate

Engineers calculated the ~es borne by each of the bridge supports.

STRESS + NOUN

▪ fracture

He was diagnosed with a ~ fracture in his right foot.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ on

Cycling puts very little ~ on the joints.

▪ under ~

Some woods warp under ~.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ heavily , strongly

He ~ed the point very strongly that all these services cost money.

▪ constantly , continually , repeatedly

She has constantly ~ed the government's poor record in this area.

▪ rightly

Doctors have rightly ~ed the importance of exercise.

VERB + STRESS

▪ must

I must ~ that we still know very little about this disease.

▪ tend to

Private schools tend to ~ the more academic subjects.

▪ be anxious to , be at pains to ( esp. BrE ), be careful to , be keen to ( BrE ), take pains to

She is at pains to ~ the cultural differences between the two countries.

PHRASES

▪ I can't ~ enough , it can't be ~ed enough

I can't ~ enough that security is of the highest importance.

▪ be important to ~ sth , be worth ~ing sth

It is worth ~ing that this was only a relatively small survey.

Stress is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ report

Stress is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ belief , ↑ continuity , ↑ difference , ↑ importance , ↑ necessity , ↑ need , ↑ point , ↑ role , ↑ syllable , ↑ urgency , ↑ word

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .