Meaning of ALGEBRA in English

I. ˈaljəbrə noun

( -s )

Etymology: Medieval Latin, algebra, bonesetting, fracture (whence Middle English, bonesetting, fracture), from Arabic al-jabr the algebra, the bonesetting, literally, the reduction

1. : a branch of mathematics in which arithmetic relations are generalized and explored by using letter symbols to represent numbers, variable quantities, or other mathematical entities (as vectors and matrices), the letter symbols being combined, especially in forming equations, in accordance with assigned rules

2. logic : a process of reasoning by the use of symbols — used especially with reference to 19th century formulations in symbolic logic or the areas then dealt with; compare boolean algebra , symbolic logic

3. : a treatise on the science of algebra

II. noun

: linear algebra 2 herein

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.