Meaning of DRENCH in English


I. ˈdrench noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English drenc; akin to Old High German trank drink, Gothic drank; derivative from the root of Old English drincan to drink — more at drink


a. : drink , draft

b. : a poisonous or medicinal drink ; specifically : a large dose of medicine mixed with liquid and put down the throat of an animal


a. : something that drenches

this alternance of sun and drench proliferates plant and beast — Waldo Frank

b. : a quantity sufficient to drench or saturate

the heather of the bogs, the hill turf, and the gravel of the road had lost their color under a drench of dew — John Buchan

few men have subjected all their borrowings to so strong a drench of personability — H.S.Canby

c. : a solution usually of fermenting bran used for drenching hides

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: Middle English drenchen to cause to drink, drown, from Old English drencan; akin to Old High German trenken to cause to drink, Old Norse drekkja to drown, Gothic drankjan to cause to drink; causative from the root of Old English drincan to drink

transitive verb


a. archaic : to force to drink

b. : to administer a drench to (an animal)

2. obsolete

a. : to submerge in water

b. : drown

3. : to steep or saturate by immersion in liquid

desserts drenched in brandy — Dwight Macdonald

specifically : to soak (hides) in a weak acid bath to remove lime left by the liming process

4. : to soak or cover thoroughly with liquid that falls or is precipitated

within five minutes the daily downpour of tropical rain would drench the jungle — William Beebe

the sweat poured down his body until he was drenched — Pearl Buck

5. : to fill completely as if by soaking or precipitation : saturate , steep , pervade

ominous iridescences drench every paragraph — Frederic Morton

familiar with the Hebrides and drenched in Highland lore — J.W.Krutch

klieg lights snapped on, drenching rostrum and orchestra floor with hot light — F.L.Allen

sun- drenched Italy — G.C.Sellery

intransitive verb

: to fall heavily and cause saturation

driving snow and sleet, which drenched cruelly down on little townships that already … had had too much of water — Mollie Panter-Downes

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.