Meaning of HARROW in English


I. ˈha(ˌ)rō, -_rə also ˈhe(-, often -_rəw+V transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English harwen, herwen, from Old English hergian to harry — more at harry

1. archaic : to descend into (hell) in order to bring away the souls of the righteous

Christ hath harrowed hell — J.M.Neale

2. archaic : rob , pillage , plunder

long harrowed by oppressor's hand — Sir Walter Scott

II. noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English harwe; perhaps akin to Old Swedish harf harrow, Greek keirein to cut — more at shear

1. : a cultivating implement used primarily for pulverizing or smoothing the soil and sometimes for mulching, covering seed, or removing weeds — compare bog harrow , brush harrow , disc harrow , drag 1d


a. : an implement that resembles a harrow ; specifically : a toothed framework drawn over an oyster bed to clear it of seaweed

b. : a formation that resembles a harrow

- under the harrow

III. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English harwen, harowen, from harwe, n.


a. : to cultivate with a harrow

plowed and harrowed and laid his rows — Russell Lord

b. : to cultivate as if with a harrow

harrowed the ground for literature — Van Wyck Brooks


a. : to cut into as if with a harrow

the whole thing looked harrowed in the pigment, rather than painted — F.J.Mather

b. archaic : to wound or tear physically : lacerate

harrowing his cheeks with a few scratches — William Beckford

3. : to cause distress or suffering to : agonize

has not set out to appall the reader with horrors nor to harrow him with miseries — Douglas Stewart

IV. interjection

or haro ˈha(ˌ)rō, həˈrō

Etymology: Middle English harrow, harow, from Middle French haro, harou, from Old French, probably of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German hara hither; akin to Old English hēr here, Old High German hier — more at here

— used to express alarm or distress

V. ˈha(ˌ)rō adjective

Usage: usually capitalized

Etymology: from Harrow on the Hill, urban district, Middlesex, England

: of or from the urban district of Harrow on the Hill, England : of the kind or style prevalent in Harrow on the Hill

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.