Meaning of HEARTH in English


ˈhärth, ˈhȧth sometimes ˈharth, ˈhə̄th noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English herth, from Old English heorth; akin to Old High German herd hearth, Old Norse hyrr fire, Gothic hauri coal, Sanskrit kūḍayāti he singes, and perhaps to Latin carbo ember, charcoal, cremare to burn up


a. : a brick, stone, or cement area of floor in front of a fireplace ; also : a corresponding projection resembling a shell on a stove

b. : the floor of a fireplace or of a brick oven on which a fire may be built


(1) : the lowest section of a blast furnace at and below the tuyeres where the molten metal and slag are collected

(2) : the bottom of a refinery, reverberatory, or open-hearth furnace on which the ore or metal is exposed to the flame

(3) : bloomery

(4) : the inside bottom of a cupola

(5) : the fuel floor of a smith's forge

(6) : the bottom of a heat-treating furnace that usually supports the work

d. : the bed of a furnace on which pots rest in glass manufacturing

e. : a fire-hardened earth floor upon which primitive man built fires (as in an ancient rock shelter or campsite)

f. : a piece of wood against which a hardwood stick is rubbed or into which it is twirled to make fire by friction — compare fire drill

2. : house , home , fireside

not rest … until every family has a hearth of its own — James Griffiths

3. : a nuclear area (as of high culture) : a vital or creative center : ecumene

the small group of … nations that constitute the central hearth of occidental civilization — A.L.Kroeber

the south and southwest of Mexico constitute one of the great culture hearths of the world — C.O.Sauer

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.