Meaning of MAGNESIUM in English


magˈnēzēəm, maig- also -zhəm noun

( -s )

Etymology: New Latin, from Medieval Latin magnesia + New Latin -ium

: a silver-white light malleable ductile bivalent metallic element that occurs abundantly in nature but always in combination in minerals (as magnesite, dolomite, carnallite, olivine, spinel), in sea and mineral waters, and in animals and plants (as in bones and seeds and in the form of chlorophyll in the green parts of plants), that is obtained chiefly by electrolysis of fused salts containing magnesium chloride or by thermal reduction of magnesia, that is used in unalloyed form in metallurgical and chemical processes and also (as in the form of powder, flakes, or ribbons) in photography, signaling, and pyrotechny because of the intense white light it produces on burning to form magnesia, and that is used structurally especially in the form of light alloys (as in airplanes) — symbol Mg ; compare alkaline-earth metal

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.