Meaning of -MENT in English

-MENT

I. _mənt sometimes ˌment noun suffix

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin -mentum, from -men, n. suffix + -tum (akin to -tus, past. participle ending); akin to Greek -ma, n. suffix — more at -ed

1.

a. : concrete result, object, or agent of a (specified) action

entangle ment

incre ment

attach ment

frag ment

b. : concrete means or instrument of a (specified) action

comple ment

nutri ment

orna ment

2.

a. : action, process, art, or act of a (specified) kind

encircle ment

recruit ment

state ment

govern ment

develop ment

b. : place or object of a (specified) action

escarp ment

canton ment

3. : state or condition

amaze ment

embroil ment

fulfill ment

involve ment

II. when no syllable-increasing suffix (as -ed or -ing) follows, ˌment also _mənt; when a syllable-increasing suffix follows, ˌment sometimes _mənt

— as final syllable in verbs corresponding to nouns of identical spelling ending in -ment

compli ment

imple ment

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.