Meaning of NIRVANA in English

nirˈvänə, niəˈ-, nə(r)ˈ-, -anə noun

( -s )

Etymology: Sanskrit nirvāṇa, literally, blowing out, from nir-, nis- out + vāti it blows — more at wind

1. usually capitalized

a. Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism : the state of freedom from karma, extinction of desire, passion, illusion, and the empirical self, and attainment of rest, truth, and unchanging being : salvation — contrasted with samsara

b. also nib·ba·na niˈbänə

[ nibbana from Pali nibbāna, from Sanskrit nirvāṇa ]

Buddhism : the state of enlightenment in which karma is transcended, desire, hatred, delusion, and the empirical self are extinguished, and rest, harmony, and unchanging being are attained

c. Jainism : the state of omniscient passive peace attained by a soul liberated from matter, the effects of karma, and the course of samsara

2. often capitalized

a. : a place or state of rest, harmony, or pleasure : oblivion , paradise

his old roommate of the clipping shack was in an alcoholic nirvana — Herman Wouk

b. : a goal hoped for but apparently unattainable : dream

that nirvana of the … weatherman: a foolproof system of forecasting — Newsweek

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.