Meaning of PATROL in English

I. pə.ˈtrōl, dial ˈpad.əˌrōl noun

( -s )

Etymology: French patrouille, from patrouiller


a. : the action of going the rounds along a chain of sentinels or outguards to ensure greater security from attack or to check disorder

b. : the guard or men who go the rounds

c. : a detachment of two or more men employed for reconnaissance, security, or combat

d. : a unit (as of police cars, ships, or airplanes) assigned to any of various patrol duties


a. : the perambulation of a district or beat to watch or guard it

b. : the men assigned to this duty

coast patrol

fire patrol


a. : a watchful guardianship

lawyers do have peculiar responsibilities for maintaining a vigilant patrol of the domestic scene against infractions of these fundamental constitutional rights — W.O.Douglas

b. : a routine of regular observation

has discovered three supernovae in extragalactic nebulae in his … camera patrol — American Year Book


a. : a subdivision of a boy scout troop made up of two or more boys

b. : a subdivision of a girl scout troop usually composed of from six to eight girls

II. verb

( patrolled ; patrolled ; patrolling ; patrols )

Etymology: French patrouiller, from Middle French patouiller, patrouiller to paw or tramp around in the mud, from patte, pate paw, hoof + -ouiller, v. suffix — more at patten

intransitive verb

1. : to cover the beat of a military, police, or other guard on foot or in a vehicle

2. : to carry out any of various military, naval, or air patrol missions

carrier-based aircraft patrolled above — Newsweek

transitive verb

: to carry out a patrol of : make routine observations of for purposes of defense or protection

put into service patrolling the north Atlantic coast — H.A.Chippendale

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.