Meaning of ABUTMENT in English


/euh but"meuhnt/ , n.

1. Archit. , Civ. Eng.

a. a masonry mass supporting and receiving the thrust of part of an arch or vault.

b. a force that serves to abut an arch or vault.

c. a mass, as of masonry, receiving the arch, beam, truss, etc., at each end of a bridge.

d. a mass or structure for resisting the pressure of water on a bridge, pier, or the like.

e. each of the parts of a canyon or the like receiving the thrusts of an arch dam.

f. a structure for absorbing tensions from reinforcing strands for concrete being prestressed.

2. the place where projecting parts meet; junction.

3. Dentistry. a tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

[ 1635-45; ABUT + -MENT ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .