Meaning of BROOM in English

/broohm, broom/ , n.

1. an implement for sweeping, consisting of a brush of straw or stiff strands of synthetic material bound tightly to the end of a long handle.

2. any shrubby plant belonging to the genus Genista or the genus Cytisus, of the legume family, esp. C. scoparius, common in Western Europe on uncultivated ground and having long, slender branches bearing yellow flowers.

3. Building Trades. the crushed and spread part at the head of a wooden pile after driving.


4. to sweep: Broom the porch.

5. to splinter or fray mechanically.

6. to crush and spread the top of (a piling, tent peg, etc.) by pounding or driving with a hammer or the like.

7. to brush (freshly poured concrete) with a broom to give a nonskid surface, as to walks or driveways.


8. (of a piling, tent peg, etc.) to be crushed and spread at the top from being driven.

[ bef. 1000; ME brome, OE brom; c. D braam bramble, G Bram broom ]

Pronunciation . BROOM and ROOM occur with the vowel /ooh/ of fool or /oo/ of book. The first is the more common. The pronunciation with the /oo/ of book is found in New England, eastern Virginia, and South Carolina and Georgia alongside the /ooh/ pronunciation. Farther west the /ooh/ pronunciation is more common, though the pronunciation with the vowel of book occurs everywhere with no marked regional or social pattern.

Both pronunciations occur in British standard and folk speech. The pronunciation with /oo/ predominates in the eastern counties, /ooh/ everywhere else. London lies on the boundary between the two types, and it is thus not surprising that /oo/ is found in the United States in the coastal areas that had long and close contact with England.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .