Meaning of WILL in English


will 1

/wil/ , auxiliary v. and v., pres. sing. 1st pers. will , 2nd will or ( Archaic ) wilt , 3rd will , pres. pl. will; past sing. 1st pers. would , 2nd would or ( Archaic ) wouldst , 3rd would , past pl. would; past part. ( Obs. ) wold or would; imperative, infinitive, and pres. participle lacking.

auxiliary verb.

1. am (is, are, etc.) about or going to: I will be there tomorrow. She will see you at dinner.

2. am (is, are, etc.) disposed or willing to: People will do right.

3. am (is, are, etc.) expected or required to: You will report to the principal at once.

4. may be expected or supposed to: You will not have forgotten him. This will be right.

5. am (is, are, etc.) determined or sure to (used emphatically): You would do it. People will talk.

6. am (is, are, etc.) accustomed to, or do usually or often: You will often see her sitting there. He would write for hours at a time.

7. am (is, are, etc.) habitually disposed or inclined to: Boys will be boys. After dinner they would read aloud.

8. am (is, are, etc.) capable of; can: This tree will live without water for three months.

9. am (is, are, etc.) going to: I will bid you "Good night."

v.t. , v.i.

10. to wish; desire; like: Go where you will. Ask, if you will, who the owner is.

[ bef. 900; ME willen, OE wyllan; c. D willen, G wollen, ON vilja, Goth wiljan; akin to L velle to wish ]

Usage . See shall .

will 2

— willer , n.

/wil/ , n. , v. , willed, willing .


1. the faculty of conscious and especially of deliberate action; the power of control the mind has over its own actions: the freedom of the will.

2. power of choosing one's own actions: to have a strong or a weak will.

3. the act or process of using or asserting one's choice; volition: My hands are obedient to my will.

4. wish or desire: to submit against one's will.

5. purpose or determination, often hearty or stubborn determination; willfulness: to have the will to succeed.

6. the wish or purpose as carried out, or to be carried out: to work one's will.

7. disposition, whether good or ill, toward another.

8. Law.

a. a legal declaration of a person's wishes as to the disposition of his or her property or estate after death, usually written and signed by the testator and attested by witnesses.

b. the document containing such a declaration.

9. at will ,

a. at one's discretion or pleasure; as one desires: to wander at will through the countryside.

b. at one's disposal or command.


10. to decide, bring about, or attempt to effect or bring about by an act of the will: He can walk if he wills it.

11. to purpose, determine on, or elect, by an act of will: If he wills success, he can find it.

12. to give or dispose of (property) by a will or testament; bequeath or devise.

13. to influence by exerting will power: She was willed to walk the tightrope by the hypnotist.


14. to exercise the will: To will is not enough, one must do.

15. to decide or determine: Others debate, but the king wills.

[ bef. 900; (n.) ME will ( e ), OE will ( a ); c. D wil, G Wille, ON vili, Goth wilja; (v.) ME willen, OE willian to wish, desire, deriv. of the n.; akin to WILL 1 ]

Syn. 3. choice. 4. pleasure, disposition, inclination. 5. resolution, decision. WILL, VOLITION refer to conscious choice as to action or thought. WILL denotes fixed and persistent intent or purpose: Where there's a will there's a way. VOLITION is the power of forming an intention or the incentive for using the will: to exercise one's volition in making a decision. 10. determine. 12. leave.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .