Meaning of BEHIND in English

BEHIND

I. PREPOSITION AND ADVERB USES

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

Note: In addition to the uses shown below, '~' is also used in a few phrasal verbs, such as ‘fall ~’ and ‘lie ~’.

Please look at category 14 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.

1.

If something is ~ a thing or person, it is on the other side of them from you, or nearer their back rather than their front.

I put one of the cushions ~ his head...

They were parked ~ the truck...

PREP

Behind is also an adverb.

Rising into the hills ~ are 800 acres of parkland...

She was attacked from ~.

ADV: usu n ADV, from ADV

2.

If you are walking or travelling ~ someone or something, you are following them.

Keith wandered along ~ him...

Myra and Sam and the children were driving ~ them.

PREP

Behind is also an adverb.

The troopers followed ~, every muscle tensed for the sudden gunfire.

ADV: ADV after v

3.

If someone is ~ a desk, counter, or bar, they are on the other side of it from where you are.

The colonel was sitting ~ a cheap wooden desk...

He could just about see the little man ~ the counter.

PREP

4.

When you shut a door or gate ~ you, you shut it after you have gone through it.

I walked out and closed the door ~ me...

He slammed the gate shut ~ him.

PREP: PREP pron

5.

The people, reason, or events ~ a situation are the causes of it or are responsible for it.

It is still not clear who was ~ the killing...

He is embarrassed about the motives ~ his decision.

PREP

6.

If something or someone is ~ you, they support you and help you.

He had the state’s judicial power ~ him.

PREP: PREP pron

7.

If you refer to what is ~ someone’s outside appearance, you are referring to a characteristic which you cannot immediately see or is not obvious, but which you think is there.

What lay ~ his anger was really the hurt he felt at Grace’s refusal...

PREP

8.

If you are ~ someone, you are less successful than them, or have done less or advanced less.

Food production has already fallen ~ the population growth.

? ahead of

PREP

Behind is also an adverb.

The rapid development of technology means that she is now far ~, and will need retraining...

ADV: be ADV, ADV after v

9.

If an experience is ~ you, it happened in your past and will not happen again, or no longer affects you.

Maureen put the nightmare ~ her...

PREP: PREP pron

10.

If you have a particular achievement ~ you, you have managed to reach this achievement, and other people consider it to be important or valuable.

He has 20 years of loyal service to Barclays Bank ~ him...

PREP: have/with n PREP pron

11.

If something is ~ schedule, it is not as far advanced as people had planned. If someone is ~ schedule, they are not progressing as quickly at something as they had planned.

The work is 22 weeks ~ schedule...

? ahead of

PREP: oft n PREP n

12.

If you stay ~, you remain in a place after other people have gone.

About 1,200 personnel will remain ~ to take care of the air base.

ADV: ADV after v

13.

If you leave something or someone ~, you do not take them with you when you go.

The rebels fled into the mountains, leaving ~ their weapons and supplies...

ADV: ADV after v

14.

to do something ~ someone’s back: see back

~ bars: see bar

~ the scenes: see scene

~ the times: see time

II. NOUN USE

(~s)

Your ~ is the part of your body that you sit on.

= bottom

N-COUNT

Collins COBUILD.      Толковый словарь английского языка для изучающих язык Коллинз COBUILD (международная база данных языков Бирмингемского университета) .