Meaning of CHANCE in English

CHANCE

INDEX:

when something happens by chance

1. when something happens without being planned

2. happening by chance

3. when things are done, chosen etc by chance

when you have a chance to do something

4. when you have the chance to do something

5. to use an opportunity

6. to not use an opportunity

RELATED WORDS

opposite

↑ DELIBERATELY

when you do something without intending to : ↑ ACCIDENTALLY

see also

↑ INTEND/NOT INTEND

↑ LUCKY

↑ UNLUCKY

◆◆◆

1. when something happens without being planned

▷ by chance /baɪ ˈtʃɑːnsǁ-ˈtʃæns/ [adverb]

if something happens by chance, it happens unexpectedly and seems to have no particular cause :

▪ I met an old friend by chance on the train.

▪ If by chance I’m not in when she calls, can you take a message?

quite/purely/entirely by chance

completely by chance

▪ Quite by chance, a TV crew was filming in the area when the accident happened.

▷ by accident /baɪ ˈæksə̇d ə nt/ [adverb]

if you do something by accident, you do it by chance and without intending to do it :

▪ Fleming discovered penicillin almost by accident.

▪ We ended up by accident on the wrong train and had to ride all the way to Montreal.

▪ The trigger of the gun is locked so that it cannot be fired by accident.

quite by accident

completely by chance

▪ Lombardi heard about their plan quite by accident.

▷ happen to do something /ˌhæpən tə ˈduː something/ [verb phrase not in progressive]

if you happen to do something, you do it by chance and not because of any particular reason or plan :

▪ Justin forgot the map but I happened to have another one in the glove compartment.

just happen to do something

▪ I’m sorry I didn’t phone first -- I just happened to be passing and thought I’d drop in.

▪ We’re not related -- we just happen to have the same name.

▷ as luck would have it /əz ˌlʌk wʊd ˈhæv ɪt/ [adverb]

use this to say that something happened by chance, when this is connected with what you have just been talking about :

▪ This was the first time I had ever seen a panda, and as luck would have it, I had my camera with me.

▪ As luck would have it, it rained the next day and the game was canceled.

▷ coincidence /kəʊˈɪnsɪd ə ns, kəʊˈɪnsəd ə ns/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a surprising situation in which two things happen that are similar or seem connected, but no-one planned or intended this to happen :

▪ Hi Phil. What a coincidence -- we were just talking about you.

by coincidence

▪ My mother is called Anna, and by coincidence my wife’s mother is called Anna too.

just a coincidence

▪ It was just a coincidence that we were in Paris at the same time.

by a strange/sad/happy etc coincidence

▪ By a strange coincidence the king was assassinated on the very spot where his grandfather had been killed.

▷ luck/chance /lʌk, tʃɑːnsǁtʃæns/ [uncountable noun]

the way in which good or bad things seem to happen to people by chance :

▪ There’s no skill in a game like roulette, it’s all luck.

▪ Success is not a matter of chance - it takes a lot of hard work.

pure luck/chance

▪ It was pure chance that we ran into each other on the street.

leave something to chance

let things happen by chance

▪ You must plan ahead. You can’t leave these things to chance.

▷ fate /feɪt/ [uncountable noun]

the power or force that is supposed to control the way everything happens, so that people cannot completely control their own lives :

▪ It was fate that brought us together.

▪ They saw themselves as victims of fate.

by a twist of fate

because fate made things happen in an unexpected way

▪ By a strange twist of fate the judge died on the very day that Cordell was executed.

▷ accident /ˈæksɪd ə nt, ˈæksəd ə nt/ [countable noun]

something that happens by chance with no plan or intention :

▪ I only met her again through a fortunate accident.

▪ It is no accident that most of the country’s outstanding public schools are in wealthy communities.

▷ as it happens /əz ɪt ˈhæpənz/ [adverb]

use this when you are talking about a situation that is surprising because by chance it is connected with something else that has been noticed or mentioned :

▪ We’ve just seen a really beautiful house and, as it happens, it’s for sale.

▪ I needed to borrow a car, and as it happened Andrew wasn’t using his.

2. happening by chance

▷ chance /tʃɑːnsǁtʃæns/ [adjective only before noun]

chance meeting/remark/discovery etc

a meeting etc that happens unexpectedly and was not planned or arranged :

▪ Their friendship was the result of a chance meeting.

▪ A chance encounter at the conference gave him the opportunity to tell the professor about his work.

▪ Wilson hoped his chance discovery would benefit poor families in developing nations.

▷ accidental /ˌæksɪˈdentl◂, ˌæksəˈdentl◂/ [adjective]

happening by chance, without being planned or intended, especially in a way that has a bad result :

▪ Are you insured against accidental damage to your property?

▪ A system of valves limits accidental releases of the substance.

accidentally [adverb]

▪ Don’t tell Sue about our plan. She might accidentally mention it to the wrong person.

▪ He claims he opened my mail accidentally but I’m not sure I believe him.

▷ fortuitous /fɔːʳˈtjuːɪtəs, fɔːʳˈtjuːətəsǁ-ˈtuː-/ [adjective] formal

happening by chance, especially in a way that has a good result :

▪ A fortuitous fire destroyed all evidence of his wrongdoing.

3. when things are done, chosen etc by chance

▷ at random /ət ˈrændəm/ [adverb]

if you do or choose things at random, you do or choose them without using any plan or system :

▪ The forms were distributed at random to people passing by.

▪ While he waited, he picked up a magazine, turned to a page at random, and started reading.

▪ Twenty students were chosen at random to take part in the experiment.

▷ random /ˈrændəm/ [adjective]

something that is random is done or chosen without using any plan or system :

▪ The union believes that the random drug testing of employees is an invasion of their privacy.

▪ A few random shots were fired, but the battle was over.

randomly [adverb]

▪ Participants for the show are randomly selected from a long list.

▷ arbitrary /ˈɑːʳbɪtrəri, ˈɑːʳbətrəri, -triǁ-treri/ [adjective]

something that is arbitrary is decided or arranged without any reason, plan, or system, especially in a way that seems unfair :

▪ The way the programme of events is organized seems completely arbitrary to me.

▪ The fans complained about the apparently arbitrary distribution of tickets for the next game.

arbitrarily /ˈɑːbɪtrərəli, ˈɑːbətrərəliǁˌɑːrbə̇ˈtrerə̇li/ [adverb]

▪ Protesters accused the military of arbitrarily arresting Pereira and forty others.

4. when you have the chance to do something

▷ chance /tʃɑːnsǁtʃæns/ [countable noun]

a situation in which it is possible for you to do something enjoyable, useful, or exciting, or something that you want to do :

chance to do something

▪ I never got the chance to thank him for all his help.

▪ It’s a beautiful building - you should go and see it if you have a chance.

give somebody a/the chance to do something

▪ I wish he’d just give me the chance to explain.

take the chance to do something

use a chance when you have it

▪ You should take the chance to travel while you are still young.

chance for somebody to do something

▪ ‘Back to School Night’ will be a chance for parents to meet their child’s teacher.

somebody’s last chance

when you will not have another chance

▪ It was her last chance to see him before she left town.

▷ opportunity /ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪti, ˌɒpəˈtjuːnətiǁˌɑːpərˈtuː-/ [countable noun]

a chance to do something, especially something that is important or useful to you, or something that you want to do very much :

▪ It was too good an opportunity to pass up.

opportunity to do something

▪ All he needs is an opportunity to show his ability.

opportunity of doing something

▪ After they had refused him the opportunity of improving his position, he resigned.

opportunity for somebody to do something

▪ We see this as an exciting opportunity for our companies to work together.

have an/the opportunity (to do something)

▪ She was delighted to have an opportunity to talk with someone who shared her interest in classical music.

equal opportunities

the same opportunities as other people

▪ All over the world women are demanding equal opportunities.

▷ break /breɪk/ [countable noun] informal

a sudden or unexpected chance to do something, especially to be successful in your job :

▪ Gary wants to work in television. He’s just waiting for a break.

lucky break

▪ Seeing that advertisement in the paper was a lucky break for me.

big break

▪ Nimoy’s big break in television came in the mid-'60s, when he won the role of Spock on ‘Star Trek’.

▷ golden opportunity /ˌgəʊld ə n ɒpəˈtjuːnə̇tiǁ-ɑːpərˈtuː-/ [countable noun]

▪ I got a grant from my university to study in the USA for a year. It’s a golden opportunity!

a golden opportunity (for somebody) to do something

▪ The management course is being paid for by the company and it’s a golden opportunity to improve your skills.

▷ chance of a lifetime /ˌtʃɑːns əv ə ˈlaɪftaɪm◂ǁˌtʃæns-/ [noun phrase]

the chance to do something very exciting or important that you might never be able to do again :

▪ This job is the chance of a lifetime. You’d be a fool not to take it.

▪ If you don’t hurry up and make a decision, you could miss the chance of a lifetime.

▷ room/scope /ruːm, skəʊp/ [uncountable noun]

a chance to do things you want to do, in the way that you want to do them. Scope is more formal than room :

▪ He refused the post because he felt it didn’t offer him much scope.

room/scope for

▪ There will always be room for debate and disagreement in this class.

▪ I have two jobs, which doesn’t leave much room for socializing.

▪ Despite our recent success, there is still scope for improvement.

room/scope to do something

▪ We’ve left the course deliberately vague, so there’s room to concentrate on your particular areas of interest.

▪ Better paid labour means greater scope to increase the company’s profits.

▷ prospects /ˈprɒspektsǁˈprɑː-/ [plural noun]

the chance of being successful at something in the future, especially your job :

▪ He had no job, no family, no home, no prospects.

▪ Employers are now offering more jobs with quality training and excellent career prospects.

prospects for

▪ The prospects for an alliance between the two nations do not look good.

▷ possibility /ˌpɒsɪˈbɪləti‖ˌpaː-, ˌpɒsəˈbɪləti‖ˌpaː-/ [countable noun]

the chance to do something :

possibility for

▪ The possibilities for improvement are endless.

▪ We need to investigate all possibilities for helping these children.

▷ open doors for/open the door for /ˌəʊpən ˈdɔːʳz fɔːʳ, ˌəʊpən ðə ˈdɔːʳ fɔːʳ/ [verb phrase]

to give someone an opportunity to do something, for example the opportunity to do a particular job :

▪ My experience in the Peace Corps really opened doors for me when I started looking for a job.

▪ Alice Coachman’s Olympic success opened the door for generations of African-American track athletes.

5. to use an opportunity

▷ take the opportunity /ˌteɪk ði ɒpəˈtjuːnə̇tiǁ-ɑːpərˈtuː-/ [verb phrase]

take the opportunity to do something

▪ I would like to take this opportunity to thank you all for your help.

take the opportunity of doing something

▪ I’m going to take every opportunity of going to see Brian while he’s living in Germany.

▷ grab the chance /ˌgræb ðə ˈtʃɑːnsǁ-ˈtʃæns/ [verb phrase] informal

to quickly use an opportunity to do something, especially when you think you might not get another chance :

▪ It may be the last time he offers you the job so I’d grab the chance while you can.

grab the chance to do something

▪ Knowing how difficult it is to find a job I grabbed the chance to be trained as an electrician.

▷ jump at the chance/opportunity /ˈdʒʌmp ət ðə ˌtʃɑːnsǁ -ˌtʃæns, ɒpəˌtjuːnə̇ti ǁ-ɑːpərˌtuː-/ [verb phrase]

to eagerly and quickly use an opportunity to do something :

▪ The early retirement plan is excellent and I’m surprised that people haven’t jumped at the opportunity.

jump at the chance/opportunity to do something

▪ When the resort was put up for sale, the Millers jumped at the chance to buy it.

▪ She thought Lewis would jump at the opportunity to make some extra money on weekends.

jump at the chance/opportunity of doing something

▪ Who wouldn’t jump at the chance of spending a month in Australia?

▷ strike while the iron is hot /ˌstraɪk waɪl ði ˌaɪəʳn ɪz ˈhɒtǁ-ˈhɑːt/ [verb phrase]

to do something quickly, while you are in a situation in which you are most likely to be successful :

▪ Don’t wait until tomorrow before you tell him, strike while the iron is hot!

▷ make hay while the sun shines /meɪk ˌheɪ waɪl ðə ˈsʌn ˌʃaɪnz/ [verb phrase] spoken

to take the opportunity to do something now while the conditions are good, because you might not be able to do it later :

▪ Let’s make hay while the sun shines and finish this project before I start falling asleep.

▷ opportunist /ˈɒpətjuːnɪst, ˈɒpətjuːnəstǁˌɑːpərˈtuː-/ [countable noun]

someone who always looks for and takes opportunities that might make them more successful -- used to show disapproval :

▪ It is difficult to tell whether he really wants to help May or whether he is just an opportunist.

▪ As the finance company started to fail a few opportunists managed to make more money out of it.

6. to not use an opportunity

▷ miss a chance/an opportunity /ˌmɪs ə ˈtʃɑːns, ən ˌɒpəˈtjuːnə̇tiǁ-ˈtʃæns-, ˌɑːpərˈtuː-/ [verb phrase]

miss a chance/an opportunity of

▪ Denise never misses the chance of a free meal.

miss a chance/an opportunity to do something

▪ Don’t miss this great opportunity to fly for half price.

▪ Dan never misses an opportunity to remind me that I still owe him money.

miss your chance/opportunity

▪ Jerry’s already sold the car to someone else. You’ve missed your chance.

▷ miss out on /ˌmɪs ˈaʊt ɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to not use the chance to do something enjoyable or useful, especially when this is not a good thing :

▪ If you don’t come to the picnic you’ll miss out on all the fun.

▪ I don’t want to be the type of father who is so busy he misses out on his daughter’s childhood.

▷ blow it/blow your chance /ˈbləʊ ɪt, ˌbləʊ jɔːʳ ˈtʃɑːnsǁ-ˈtʃæns/ [verb phrase] informal

to waste a chance that you had to do or get something good :

▪ Don’t panic and talk too much in the interview or you’ll really blow it.

▪ I was afraid I’d blown my chance but she agreed to go out again on Saturday night.

blow your chances of doing something

▪ She started running much too fast at the beginning and blew her chances of winning the race.

▷ miss the boat /ˌmɪs ðə ˈbəʊt/ [verb phrase] informal

to be too late to use an opportunity to do something good :

▪ Buy your shares in the company now or you’ll miss the boat.

▪ He didn’t get his application in early enough so he missed the boat.

▷ let something slip through your fingers /let something ˌslɪp θruː jɔːʳ ˈfɪŋgəʳz/ [verb phrase]

to not use a good opportunity when you are able to, especially an opportunity that you will not get again :

▪ We had an opportunity to win the championship last season and we let it slip through our fingers.

▷ lost opportunity /ˌlɒst ɒpəˈtjuːnə̇tiǁˌlɔːst ɑːpərˈtuː-/ [noun phrase]

an opportunity that you wasted by not using it to become successful, enjoy yourself etc :

▪ If you don’t take the job it’ll just be another lost opportunity in your life.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .