Meaning of ABOVE in English

ABOVE

I

adjective

DUBIOUS : Taking all the above into account, one could say that tourism does more harm than good.

GOOD : Taking all the above arguments into account, one could say that tourism does more harm than good.

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Instead of using the above as a loose reference to something mentioned earlier, make the reference more precise by using the above + noun (or the + noun + above ): 'the above reasons', 'the statement above '.

II

preposition

1

BAD : He likes reading, above all novels.

GOOD : He likes reading, especially novels.

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Above all means 'most importantly': 'Get plenty of sleep, eat lots of good food, and above all try to relax.' 'There were many qualities that made him a great leader. Above all, he had charisma.'

2

BAD : There were above a hundred people in the crowd.

GOOD : There were over a hundred people in the crowd.

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Do not use above with numbers (unless referring to points on a scale): 'He is over eighty years of age.' 'I receive over twenty letters a day.' Compare 'Don't let the temperature get above thirty degrees.'

3

BAD : This year English is above all my most important subject.

GOOD : This year English is by far my most important subject.

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With a superlative form ('the most important'), use by far : 'The riot was by far the most horrific scene I'd ever witnessed.'

4

DUBIOUS : I like to stay at home on a Sunday, as I've said above.

GOOD : I like to stay at home on a Sunday, as I've already said.

DUBIOUS : What do you think of the above suggestion?

GOOD : What do you think of my/this suggestion?

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Above is used in formal writing to refer to something that has been mentioned earlier: 'From the above arguments it can be seen that supporters of the dam project fall into two camps.' In informal styles, this use of above is inappropriate.

5

BAD : Where would you like to go above all?

GOOD : Where would you like to go most of all?

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When you mean 'more than anywhere/anything/anyone else', use most of all or the most : 'What worries me most of all is that the car is not roadworthy.' 'The one I liked the most was too expensive.'

Longman Common Errors English vocabulary.      Английский словарь распространенных ошибок Longman.