Meaning of CASE in English

CASE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a camera case (= for carrying a camera in )

A camera case is essential for protecting your camera.

a case comes to court/comes before the court

The case came to court 21 months later.

a case goes/comes to trial

If the case ever went to trial, he would probably lose.

a case of mistaken identity (= when people think that someone is a different person, especially with the result that they are accused of something that they did not do )

The defendant claimed he’d been arrested in a case of mistaken identity.

a cigarette case (= a small case for carrying cigarettes in )

a court adjourns a case/trial etc (= stops dealing with it for a period of time )

The court adjourned the trial until June 21st.

a court case (= a problem or crime that is dealt with in a court of law )

a recent court case involving the death of a baby

a court hears a case

The county court will hear the case next month.

a criminal case

The crown court usually deals with criminal cases.

a display case/cabinet (= small cupboard with a glass front )

There was a display case full of medals.

a divorce case (= a legal case dealing with a divorce )

It was the biggest divorce case that an English court has dealt with.

a libel action/case/trial (= a court case against someone for libel )

a sad case

Take the sad case of Gary Marsh, who was badly injured during a match.

a severe case (= of a medical condition )

Hospitalization is necessary in severe cases.

an assault case

She had to attend court as a witness in an assault case.

an exceptional case

In the 1950s, some working class students went on to university, but these were exceptional cases.

argued the case

She argued the case for changing the law.

attaché case

basket case

borderline cases

In borderline cases , the student’s coursework is considered, as well as exam grades.

case history

case law (= law based on previous court cases )

There is little case law covering this issue.

case law

case notes (= notes that a doctor, social worker etc makes about someone )

The researchers looked at the case notes of 500 patients with this type of cancer.

case of mistaken identity

The police arrested someone, but it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity .

case study

case work

case...unanswerable (= reasons for doing something )

The case for better public transport is unanswerable .

classic example/mistake/case etc

Too many job hunters make the classic mistake of thinking only about what’s in it for them.

cogent argument/reason/case etc

a cogent argument for banning the drug

crack...case

This new evidence could help detectives to crack the case .

deserving causes/cases

The National Lottery provides extra money for deserving causes.

drop the charges/a case (= stop the legal process of trying to prove someone is guilty )

Both men have been released and the charges have been dropped.

extreme example/case

an extreme case of cruelty

hopeless case (= it seems impossible to change your behaviour )

Oh, James, you really are a hopeless case !

in case of emergency/in the event of an emergency (= if there is an emergency )

The fire-exit doors should only be opened in case of emergency.

in which case (= if this has happened )

She may have missed the train, in which case she won’t arrive for another hour.

isolated incident/case/event

Police say that last week’s protest was an isolated incident.

jewel case

lower case

lower case letters

mild case

a mild case of food poisoning

open-and-shut case

overstating the case

To say that all motorists speed in residential areas is overstating the case .

pack a bag/case

You’d better pack your bags. We’re leaving in an hour.

packing case

pencil case

pleaded...case

Residents successfully pleaded their case at a council meeting.

possessive pronoun/form/case etc

the possessive pronouns ‘ours’ and ‘mine’

prove your case

The state had failed to prove its case.

put a case (to sb)

He wanted to put his case to the full committee.

reopen a case/question/debate etc

attempts to reopen the issue of the power station’s future

settle a lawsuit/case

The city will pay $875,000 to settle the lawsuit.

slip case

solve a crime/case

The crime was never solved.

test case

textbook case/example

The advertising campaign was a textbook example of how to sell a product.

the opposite is the case/is true

People believe the sun moved around the earth, but Copernicus showed that the opposite was the case.

typical case

Mr Stevens’ appointment was a typical case of promoting a man beyond his level of competence.

upper case

vanity case

watershed decision/case etc

a watershed case on pension rights

well-argued case

The researchers put forward a well-argued case for banning the drug.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

certain

In certain cases the value is left out, perhaps pending further enquiry.

In certain cases , the organization bears little blame for finding itself in such straits.

Because the indemnity basis may produce unfair results in certain cases .

Indeed, although regulatory offences in the abstract may be regarded as of minor consequence they may in certain cases have drastic results.

Two is the obvious number, but in certain circumstances a case could be made for one prisoner or three prisoners.

In certain cases its cells undergo changes, which in time can lead to cancer.

Also, the pope might claim the settlement of certain cases , the dispensations and the final decisions.

In certain cases individual businessmen had considerable success in setting companies on more prosperous paths.

civil

But shortly after the trial the twin's parents announced that they were considering pursuing a civil case for damages.

The civil case also was looming, filed by six former altar boys against Llanos and the archdiocese.

Such cases could be met by adopting for civil cases a procedure similar to the Attorney-General's reference in criminal proceedings.

On June 3, the court ruled by 6:3 that lawyers in civil cases could not exclude potential jurors because of their race.

The Bennis case was the first civil forfeiture case on record involving prostitution in Wayne County, where Detroit is located.

In 1988 there were 144 petitions for leave to appeal in civil cases .

The hell can you do in a civil case ?

criminal

Convictions in criminal cases are pronounced by the courts, yet to a large extent they are the product of police action.

Yet even in the criminal case , modern juries are placed under the severest restraints by judges.

The Crown Court is presided over by a judge or a recorder and it hears the more serious criminal cases .

The Cosby family has to suffer because of the perceived sins of the jurors in the Simpson criminal case ?

The criminal case against Mr Sole is still pending.

Federal authorities have tried to put together a criminal case against Zimmermann ever since.

This is usually alongside a lawyer from the children's panel, rather than one with experience in criminal cases .

He did not testify in the criminal case .

extreme

In extreme cases , the seat may be worn.

In extreme cases , it can affect our whole career progress.

In the extreme case where the aggregate supply curve is vertical, the increased money supply will simply lead to higher prices.

Then the militia, or the U. S. Army, in extreme cases , would enforce the injunction.

Indeed, characteristics of some of the extreme cases are: Failure to tell others what the goals are.

An extreme case of organizational self-defeat and its consequences?

In extreme cases you could even face prosecution.

Sugar addicts gain weight, rot their teeth, and in extreme cases may even develop diabetes.

particular

Suppose, in a particular case , 25 are required.

In this particular case , we felt that the documentation did not adequately stress the point.

To discover how to find the component values of a synthesised high-pass filter, consider the particular case of a second-order type.

In this particular case Abraham is at a very distinct disadvantage.

However, it is important to appreciate that any particular case of regulation seldom arises with just a single aim.

The Prime Minister I am not aware of the particular cases to which my hon. Friend draws attention.

If we want to know where the truth lies in particular cases , we have to look.

Are these sufficiently closely defined for us to be able to apply them to particular cases ?

present

That situation was avoided in the present case , because the appellant chose not to give evidence for the reason already stated.

In the present case , however, a pure delegation of legislative power is precisely what we have before us.

In the present case the plaintiff did not allege, nor did the judge find, any bad faith by the defendants.

Therefore in the present case the justices came to the correct conclusion.

Could it or could it not have a bearing on this present case of murder?

In the present case , the concept of unjust enrichment suggests that the plaintiffs should have a remedy.

In many cases the two contentions might lead to the same result, but not in the present case.

strong

There is now a strong case for a realistic dialogue between those studying glacier dynamics and those studying forms.

If they refuse, she has a stronger case against them.

In pointing to the large element of rates paid by local industry or commerce, the government had a stronger case .

When a primary attack occurs in such circumstances, there is a strong case for delivering the baby by caesarian section.

Thousands of people will be effectively priced out of the system, nomatterhow strong their cases may appear.

Home Office guidelines suggested that refugees from religious, racial or political persecution had the strongest case for a C registration.

If your interests are off road, Brooks can make a strong case for your business.

There is still a strong case for continuing with at least some three-day matches on uncovered pitches.

■ NOUN

court

Tut, all that build-up and the court case doesn't happen.

It was one of the schools that had prompted the court case in the first place.

Now it is used for the hearing of court cases only.

A court case was brought when I was twelve.

Helga moved away from Bad Nauheim almost immediately following the court case .

This government knows it can win court cases confirming its legal right to impose a solution on the mayor.

When this was the case , the owner had no option but to accept his loss or institute a court case.

The large number of court cases in which the complainant dropped the prosecution is an indication that many cases were settled informally.

law

These are expressed with differing degrees of formality in the form of statutory provisions, case law and conventions of the constitution.

Because the Internet is new, there is little relevant case law in this area.

The roots of the law of confidence lie in equity and it is almost entirely case law.

I said the case law could change and we would get nothing.

My own views as to the proper limits of jurisdictional control will be spelt out after a consideration of the case law .

This has less support in the case law than the previous two tests.

It is helpful therefore to look at the pre-1991 case law to understand how the welfare principle operates in practice.

In particular the project focuses on recent anti-avoidance case law and statutory developments, and follows the professions' developing responses to them.

study

Four coverages are used in the case study .

Chapter 16 discusses the theory and practice of valuing closely held businesses and presents a business valuation case study .

The following two case studies show how the expressive form of the home extends to different types of household.

The instruments provided and their agreed use in the case study are summarised in the paragraphs that follow.

This is done through exercises such as the study of a communications network, and case studies.

Jury service: a case study A valuable case study of this whole argument is the matter of jury service.

Case Study A case study provides students with opportunities for exercising problem solving and decision making skills in a particular context.

test

Accordingly, we shall begin with the Copernican innovation as a test case .

Substitute biology teacher John Scopes volunteered to be the test case .

The dispute was seen as an important test case in the advertising industry over the issue of staff and client defections.

Prosecutors made Pate their test case .

Van Gogh as the subject for a biographer is thus a test case .

With Magic as a high-profile test case , the world will see an HIV-positive person living the life he chooses.

For the MoD it is a test case on which its whole culture of secrecy depends.

Meanwhile, the status of Mr Milosevic likely will become a test case for relations with the West.

■ VERB

argue

If it is true, then Kingfisher should not be afraid of arguing its case in front of the Monopolies Commission.

Tom and Goldie came to argue their own case .

In any case it is the role of the Reporter to present the evidence and argue the case before the Sheriff.

Michael Gilsenan argues the case against the war.

Just imagine going into a court of law to argue a case depending on its provisions.

Ministers might justly argue that in this case the dissent is also politically ambiguous, given the diverse support for the amendment.

Brian Roberts argues a similar case for village planning in Durham.

Am I arguing the case for a send pair of skis?

consider

To make this clearer, consider the case of human slavery.

The Texas Supreme Court will consider a case next month that could seal another entire realm of information: district attorney files.

After repeated pleas he secured a medical board to consider his case .

We may consider the case of positive as shown in Fig. 19.3.

Finally, consider the third case where owners of factors move but factors do not.

In alcoholic liver disease, transplant assessment was considered appropriate in the case of sustained abstinence following medical advice.

The 11-judge en banc panel is scheduled to consider the case Nov. 20.

hear

We heard of a case in which an unfortunate man accidentally swallowed one.

When he is hearing a case , the phone messages stack up.

Yes, I heard about your case .

The preliminary hearing in the case began Monday.

In this case there was no such evidence with the result that the court did not decline to hear the case.

Opinions are mixed on whether the court will hear the case .

Over the weekend I heard of the case of the disappearing Times Atlas, the one in five volumes.

A key question for the court is whether Jackson held his views about Microsoft before he began hearing the case .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

(a case of) the pot calling the kettle black

It was a bit like the pot calling the kettle black.

I rest my case

And was his name mentioned anywhere this week following Dublin's defeat? I rest my case.

Industry and nature in harmony? I rest my case.

It is a proven fact, however, that prolonged high altitude reduces intelligence. I rest my case.

Now how many carbons? I rest my case.

Should anyone remain unconvinced, I rest my case on the Leaning Tower of Pisa syndrome.

These others stand on something they said. I rest my case on what I did.

Well I rest my case on that one.

bring charges/a lawsuit/a court case/a prosecution/a claim (against sb)

compelling reason/argument/case etc

Barring a compelling reason, governments should not discriminate between classes of citizens.

But there are a number of compelling reasons to stand in line.

But, in any event, there is no compelling reason to justify section 9.

He was energetic, headstrong, and unorthodox-and he had compelling reasons for reducing the ruinously expensive Soviet nuclear arsenal.

However, it is necessary to say a word or two here to refute this seemingly compelling argument.

In the high-visibility, emotionally compelling cases such as maternity stays, an uproar resulted.

The record is good but there is no compelling reason to buy.

Unless there are other compelling reasons, therefore, never borrow money yourself to obtain funds needed by your corporation.

it's (a case of) the tail wagging the dog

make out a case (for sth)

Both sides could make out a case that they deserved to win and should have been awarded penalties.

Perhaps she should stay and try and make out a case for herself.

put up a proposal/argument/case etc

In other days Managers would have put up an argument as to the folly of this approach by Management.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

"It's supposed to rain tomorrow." "Well, in that case , we won't go."

72-hour airport visas can be extended, but decisions are made on a case -by-case basis.

a court case

Doctors have often achieved amazing results, as in the case of 11-year-old Jason.

In cases like this, the company has to be sold off to someone who can cope with the debt.

In my case , when I started teaching I enjoyed it right away.

In one case a man was charged $2000 for a simple medical check-up.

In some cases, mail carriers could not get to mailboxes surrounded by plowed snow.

In some cases, prices had gone up by 38 cents a gallon.

Mathers called it the worst multiple murder case in the city's history.

Recent government spending on schools is a classic case of too little, too late.

Seat belts are supposed to prevent serious injury, but they didn't work in my case .

The exhibits were all in glass cases.

The law limits work in underground mines to eight hours per day, except in cases of emergency.

There have been some cases of women employees being fired because they are pregnant.

There were several food poisoning cases following the church picnic.

They lost their case in the High Court and had to pay damages.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Convictions in criminal cases are pronounced by the courts, yet to a large extent they are the product of police action.

Government sources said they would not remove the right to early retirement from genuine cases.

In any case , Mr Collor has only one week before the election on December 17, to put this message across.

In Britain's case this requires a specific Act of Parliament.

In some cases, lots are made up of hundreds or even thousands of copies of the same item.

In this case it was not contended that the appellant had not acted dishonestly.

She did not have remotely enough at the moment to make any kind of case .

Smaller pillows with decorative cases range from about $ 30 to $ 60.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

court

The search for a comparison is important because the high court has handled indecency cases differently depending on the medium.

That was precisely the situation that led to the current Supreme Court case .

year

But there are 4 million to 5 million cases a year in society.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

(a case of) the pot calling the kettle black

It was a bit like the pot calling the kettle black.

compelling reason/argument/case etc

Barring a compelling reason, governments should not discriminate between classes of citizens.

But there are a number of compelling reasons to stand in line.

But, in any event, there is no compelling reason to justify section 9.

He was energetic, headstrong, and unorthodox-and he had compelling reasons for reducing the ruinously expensive Soviet nuclear arsenal.

However, it is necessary to say a word or two here to refute this seemingly compelling argument.

In the high-visibility, emotionally compelling cases such as maternity stays, an uproar resulted.

The record is good but there is no compelling reason to buy.

Unless there are other compelling reasons, therefore, never borrow money yourself to obtain funds needed by your corporation.

it's (a case of) the tail wagging the dog

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

All very good condition and cased.

Location was found and cased in Lant Street, SE1.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.