Meaning of PHASE in English

PHASE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a phase/stage of a project

The first phase of the project was due to be completed by the end of 2008.

a stage/phase of a cycle

the recovery phase of the economic cycle

initial stage/phase/period

the initial stages of the disease

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

acute

Similarly, there are mild disturbances only of acute phase reactants in chronic viral hepatitis.

Compounds containing aspirin or acetaminophen with or without codeine and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are useful for pain control during the acute phase .

The acute phase response also involves changes in the plasma concentrations of a number of liver synthesised proteins.

different

There is no doubt that they played a major part in maintaining interest in abolition and emancipation through different phases of antislavery.

With a few proteins, however, this process moves into a different phase .

Over the last ten years I've gone through different phases and characters.

Even while the system remains capitalist it may at different phases be dominated by differently organized social and economic structures.

Tandem columns can enhance efficiency by increasing plate numbers or enhance selectivity by connecting different stationary phases .

The Women's Movement in Ireland has gone through a number of different phases .

But there are then crucially different phases of commodity production.

Sleep could be divided into a number of different phases which recurred at regular intervals throughout the night.

early

During the early phase of reintroductions patients continued with elemental diet as a nutritional supplement.

Try to recycle or recapitulate earlier program phases .

Deformation is complex: there are at least two early phases of deformation.

Inhibitors of prostaglandins also inhibit the increased platelet aggregation, which is present in the early phases of migraine.

There is then a qualitative change from earlier socio-cultural relations, even within the earlier market phases .

This situation often characterizes the early phases of an organization's history.

In the earlier phase the coin is concentrated in Kent, but later they have a more widespread distribution.

The creation of these two kingdoms seems quite anomalous at the earlier conquest phase , as has hitherto been assumed.

final

Castlemore is still working up proposals for the final phase of the scheme, which involves building a leisure centre.

Halle Development Inc. Final phase of the approval process to build 212 town houses on 25.82 acres.

The third and final phase was different again.

Cherrywood Development. Final phase of the approval process to build 28 single-family homes on 14.18 acres.

The client is also understood to be working up proposals for the final phase of the project to build a leisure centre.

He felt her lift up to him as they started the final phase of their journey.

His design was one of six considered by two juries in the final phase of a two-stage competition.

initial

In each case, I believe that the initial phase of the exercise is similar.

They are known to counteract both the vasoconstriction and the enhanced platelet aggregation present in the initial phase of migraine.

During the initial phase , newly formed mast cell components such as histamine, serotonin, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes may be released.

Occasionally, some one will have the initial focal phase of migraine, followed by minimal or no headache.

The above described procedure attempts to match the initial phase of contemporary paper based bill of lading issuance.

However, parameters for them for individual writers could be extracted from an initial training phase for a script recognition system.

The initial design phase for a database to hold a lexicon of stratigraphical terms is almost complete.

late

But then it is characteristic of this latest phase that the professional society is primarily a business organization.

But this latest phase has now also emboldened Bush to press forward with his agenda in strong, conservative strokes.

The Grand Hotel has just reopened after the latest phase of a £1m refurbishment scheme.

Most information about the later phases of the town has come from several late Roman inhumation cemeteries.

Thus the late phases of a market culture are very different from its early phases.

Developments in the creative and performing arts coincided with only a slightly later phase .

For the Gallery, this is just the latest phase in a process of rethinking itself with every generation.

liquid

This line divides the pressure-temperature conditions for the liquid phase from those for the gaseous phase.

Ahuja broadly reviews liquid phase chiral separations.

Molecules of carbon dioxide in the solid phase are packed more closely than in the liquid phase.

Here too, surface coatings that modify interfacial properties are needed for more reliable operation in the liquid phase .

The molecules are consequently held back in the liquid phase and the vapour pressure is lower.

More particles in the liquid phase will thus have sufficient energy to escape into the vapour phase.

new

Death, too, was not the end, but rather the beginning of a new phase of existence.

But the old guard in the leadership sends in the tanks and introduces a new phase of vicious repression.

At the same time, a new phase of activity began.

They overlapped but each new phase rapidly established dominance in the world of information technology.

In Fairfield and Visalia, managers constantly shift their resources to meet new needs and phase out obsolete activities.

Clearly post-industrial writers locate the dynamic of this new economic phase within the latest post-industrial sequence; it is an internal characteristic.

A new phase in the revolution was due to start on August 1.

solid

Solution or solid phase synthesis is welcomed, as are combinatorial approaches to organic synthesis.

In paper chromatography, the solid phase is paper on which the sample is placed directly.

In all cases the cloud consists of particles in the solid phase .

Molecules of carbon dioxide in the solid phase are packed more closely than in the liquid phase.

stationary

The mobile phase flows continuously over the stationary phase and as it does so separates the components on the stationary phase.

Chromatographic methods always involve a stationary phase and a moving phase.

The mobile phase flows continuously over the stationary phase and as it does so separates the components on the stationary phase.

Separation of the components on or in the stationary phase by a continuous flow of the mobile phase.

A component with a small value for D remains largely adsorbed on the stationary phase .

As the moving phase passes over it, this component moves slowly along the stationary phase.

Successive quant ties of solvent are added to ensure the solvent level remains above the stationary phase .

■ NOUN

penalty

Prosecutors will present a shorter lineup during the penalty phase , Jacobs said.

The women testified as prosecution witnesses in the penalty phase of his murder trial.

During the penalty phase , testimony is often heard from victims and their relatives.

The seven-man, five-woman jury that convicted McVeigh on all counts last week is now in the penalty phase of the trial.

shift

Above this frequency, the attenuation ceases to be negligible and the phase shift ceases to be sufficiently proportional to frequency.

At high-enough frequencies to satisfy, there is virtually 100% transmission and negligible phase shift .

Inevitably, filtering action is accompanied by a frequency-dependent phase shift .

What is more, should a component be varied to alter the phase shift , the attenuation also changes.

Many practical situations require the introduction of a variable phase shift , ideally with no attenuation but at least with fixed attenuation.

space

Then chaotic behaviour recurs, with the phase space trajectories being initially confined to bands and subsequently filling a whole region.

Let us see how physical determinism is to be interpreted in terms of phase space .

Do regions in phase space tend to spread with time or do they not?

Hilbert space Recall that in Chapter 5 the concept of phase space was introduced for the description of a classical system.

This spreading effect in phase space has another remarkable implication.

Thus, the trick is not even to try even in the case of the phase space for a single particle.

First, we should bear in mind what a single point Q of phase space actually represents.

However, having survived our encounter with phase space , we should have no trouble with a mere four dimensions!

■ VERB

begin

If the council backs the project tonight, Westshore would begin the first phase of the project while applying to the state.

complete

Did you feel that you'd completed a phase ?

Novak said the nearly completed second phase , with another 100 units, has been 30 percent pre-leased.

It told the government in its letter it would complete both phases of the project by December 2000.

The work will be completed in several phases between now and 2005, with the next major timetable change scheduled for 2001.

Sixteen houses have been completed in the first phase of a re-development scheme which will eventually remove all the 1960s-built flats.

The project will be completed in two phases , one later this year and the other in January, 1994.

The rest of the network will be completed in phases over the next two years.

enter

If the originator chooses to proceed, he or she enters the next phase , referred to as initial screening.

He began a passionate romance with the social sciences, which were then entering an avant-garde phase .

As the war enters its next phase , it is ever more plainly his war.

A young titan enters the decisive phase of his life when he resolves on marriage and career.

Thus the endless cycle of reform, repression and violent response may be about to enter a new phase .

Groceries in hand, I crossed the threshold and moved into the entering phase of breaking and entering.

As a consequence we seem to have entered a strongly conservative phase with an unmistakable emphasis on consumer rights.

And so the courtship enters a second phase .

move

Once the Mob has moved it may still move in the movement phase , shoot and fight just as normal.

Groceries in hand, I crossed the threshold and moved into the entering phase of breaking and entering.

Chromatographic methods always involve a stationary phase and a moving phase.

The moving phase is any suitable solvent which travels along the paper by capillary action.

With a few proteins, however, this process moves into a different phase .

The moving phase is a gaS which passes through the column.

The Moon moves through three distinct phases .

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

As the war enters its final phase , the UN will probably consider lifting sanctions.

I'd like to discuss the production phase at this morning's meeting.

The first phase of renovations should be finished by next January.

The initial phase of the project should take about three months.

There are three phases in the lifecycle of a butterfly.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Figure 5.13 shows the apparatus used by Lawrence in each phase of his study.

Just two examples are given in Fig. 10.3: for e + and e x when the phase is zero.

Keep careful records on persons who participated in each phase , rather than lumping all the participants together.

The nation was believed to have fallen into a phase of cataclysmic evil.

Thus, without any change in the composition across the boundary, the phase change produces a temporarily layered mantle.

What determines the equilibrium between phases?

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

in

This covers 90 per cent of their respective exports and will be be phased in over 10 years.

The additional contributions would be phased in over three years, for a total increase of. 5 percent.

They argued that the scheme could be phased in over 15 years.

The new requirements were set in 1992, but they are being phased in over a 16-year period that began in 1994.

The required reductions in discharges are to be phased in over four years.

The break will be phased in over five years for all manufacturers.

The tax will be phased in over a three-year period from July 1994.

Most of the measures will be phased in over a year.

out

The special cards are expected to be phased out once the long-anticipated economic reforms begin.

In time, the offending word was phased out of usage.

The company is uncertain whether it will phase out its current T805-based GigaCubes just yet.

The state of Minnesota offered such benefits, but the program was phased out in 1998.

Over the next few years, all farm support was phased out .

Also affected are the income limits for phasing out benefits of personal exemptions and certain itemized deductions.

The 1978-9 Labour government tried to phase out these beds, but under the 1980 Health Service Act they were extended.

The contract would have phased out the 1993 tax increases over three years. -- Increasing the Social Security earnings limit.

■ NOUN

years

This covers 90 per cent of their respective exports and will be be phased in over 10 years .

The additional contributions would be phased in over three years , for a total increase of. 5 percent.

They argued that the scheme could be phased in over 15 years .

The break will be phased in over five years for all manufacturers.

The required reductions in discharges are to be phased in over four years .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Decide in advance that when they take place, you will not be phased.

In the United State, use of leaded gasoline was phased out on Jan. 1.

Most of the measures will be phased in over a year.

Sampling might also involve time phasing as in attempting to detect opinion trends leading up to a general election.

The central bank said it would stop supporting the rouble and promised that cheap credits to moribund industries will be phased out.

The Government has also rejected calls for older Magnox nuclear power stations to be phased out to support a higher coal burn.

The required reductions in discharges are to be phased in over four years.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.