Meaning of SPREAD in English

SPREAD

I. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a blaze spreads

The blaze quickly spread to a neighbouring house.

a disease spreads

The government have no idea how far the disease has spread.

a fire spreads

The fire spread to the house next door.

a grin spreads (= a wide smile covers someone's face )

A self-satisfied grin spread across his face.

a rumour spreads

A rumour spread that he had been killed.

a smile spreads across sb’s face (= they smile )

A faint smile spread across her face.

a stain spreads

A dark stain spread over the grey carpet.

a virus spreads

The virus spread throughout the population.

an infection spreads

The infection spread to her chest.

be spread out over a wide area

The town is spread out over a wide area.

facing/looking/spreading etc outwards

Stand with your elbows pointing outwards.

news spreads (= a lot of people find out the news from other people )

News spreads fast in a small town.

open/spread (sth) wide

Spiro spread his arms wide in a welcoming gesture.

Leonora’s eyes opened wide in horror.

The windows had been opened wide and she could feel a slight breeze.

panic spreads (= starts to affect more people in more places )

Panic spread as news of the invasion reached Paris.

preach/spread the gospel (= tell people about it )

Missionaries were sent to preach the Gospel.

gospel stories

spread a rumour

Someone has been spreading rumours about us.

spread an infection ( also transmit an infection formal )

Pregnant women can transmit the infection to their unborn child.

spread betting

spread butter on sth

Lee was spreading butter on his toast.

spread gossip

Someone’s been spreading gossip about Lucy and Ian.

spread lies (= tell them to a lot of people )

How dare you spread such vicious lies?

spread out/unfold a map

We spread out our maps on the floor.

spread propaganda

Several underground organizations were spreading anti-government propaganda.

spread sth with butter

Spread the warm crumpets with butter.

spread the load

They hired more staff in order to spread the load.

spread the news (= tell a lot of people the news )

After she had the baby, her husband made phone calls to spread the happy news.

Spread...evenly

Spread the butter evenly over the toast.

spreading muck

special machinery for spreading muck onto the fields

spread/open its wings

The dragon spread its wings and gave an experimental flap.

spread/preach the gospel

spreading the gospel of science

the rapid spread of sth

Close contact between people resulted in the rapid spread of the disease.

the spread of a disease

Knowing the facts about AIDS can prevent the spread of the disease.

wreckage is strewn/scattered/spread

The wreckage was strewn over a large area.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

across

The path that left the glade was steep and narrow and spread across with ivy and clumps of mauve and white violets.

Today they last a long time and spread across wider territories.

But towards morning heavy clouds spread across .

When she and her siblings spread across three states and half the continent, they served their families hamburgers.

Today that business has spread across all fifty states and fifty-four countries.

around

A number of support centres are spread around and between them is the support network.

Now, with Rice out while he recovers from reconstructive knee surgery, the ball is being spread around .

Thus the dark matter would be spread around in a way that mimicked but exaggerated the initial fluctuations.

Every borrower benefits when there is more money to spread around .

Some will frequent the hostels run by caring organisations which range from the most basic wooden bench with newspapers spread around .

After all, spread around , that's what it would buy.

The wall tore open, rips spreading around the torus as the air rushed outwards.

As she speaks we see a Masai market. Spread around are hundreds of Masai men and women.

evenly

For overcrowding is not spread evenly throughout the system.

Add nut mixture and spread evenly .

Spread evenly with apple and peel mixture.

This aroused the resentment of almost the whole front bench, but Wigg's hostility was not evenly spread .

Although power is widely spread it does not necessarily mean that it is evenly spread between all groups.

But, as we know, demand for seats is not evenly spread .

Unlike the greenhouse gases, which spread evenly across the globe, sulphur dioxide's effects are short-lived and regional.

Royal icing takes a little practice to spread evenly and pipe, but the results are well worth the effort.

out

There are still strong emotional attachments to these outposts, which are spread out over the valley.

Her office is dominated by a large oak table where she spreads out her work.

When they spot some promising zebras, or antelopes, they spread out into a line.

As you see, the light was spread out uniformly over a wide angle.

Like a wolf pack scenting easy prey, they dismounted and spread out .

Why construct a hero so multiple, so spread out , so fugitive?

The beach is narrow and sandy with enough room to spread out .

But it is thin, spread out , invisible even to itself.

outwards

Closely packed terraces of Victorian houses were spread outwards as the population grew.

And then the slow ink spreading outwards and the wheels turning and a voice, it was Vasco's, warning him.

A cloud of long fair hair spread outwards in the water.

In this case I think it is more likely that limestone deposition started in several or many different centres and spread outwards .

over

For 20 days spread over 1988 and 1989 he compared spot and futures returns for five-minute periods.

At least 20 sessions, spread over several days, are required to remove the major effects of practice.

Brush the glaze while still hot over a fruit cake, but allow to cool slightly before spreading over a sponge cake.

The result is an evening of Wagnerian dimension spread over four and a half hours.

The exchange would be spread over five years.

A dark stain spread over the grey patterned carpet.

quickly

It spreads quickly once inside the victim and is soon being circulated in the bloodstream.

Although news of her work in Motijhil had spread quickly , they had almost no financial means.

During the Pleistocene, Stone Age man appeared on the scene in Java and spread quickly .

The idea spread quickly to other cities.

Juliet felt a strange sort of throbbing inside her, that quickly spread like tentacles of fever through her body.

The rumor quickly spread among the black soldiers that other blacks were being brutalized by the police.

The industrial action quickly spread to transport and municipal workers and workers on tea, sugar and tobacco plantations.

The controversy quickly spread beyond the pages of the Reader.

rapidly

The epidemic is dynamic, unstable and continuing to spread rapidly .

The new system has usurped almost all health care in California and is rapidly spreading nationwide.

But out of sight the roots from which they grow are spreading rapidly .

The news spread rapidly throughout the city and everyone came to see the wonderful sight.

This habit apparently began in Southampton and rapidly spread nation-wide.

Ticketless travel, which actually began several years ago, is spreading rapidly throughout the airline industry.

Stories that he was physically or mentally ill had, in fact, spread rapidly in summer 1942.

This distorted form of Buddhism spread rapidly thanks to a vast network of male and female monastic communities.

thinly

The ozone molecules are very thinly spread within this area but their fragile existence nevertheless serves a vital function to life.

Quickly pour into the 2 buttered pans and spread thinly over entire surface of each.

The ointment should be spread thinly on the bruised areas.

The flesh was thinly spread upon the elongated skull, the motionless hands were bony claws.

Some one must lose, even if the losses are spread thinly .

You could also thinly spread some glue on the cracker and sprinkle some glitter powder over it.

Lunch Two slices of toasted wholemeal bread spread thinly with Flora margarine and topped with 2 oz. grated cheddar cheese.

Set aside one cake for the top and thinly spread the rest with jam.

widely

These advances, which have had an impact in both basic and applied research, are again spread widely among the disciplines.

Word spread widely and quickly, through the networks, even through underground comic books where the illiterate could read them.

They evolved rapidly and spread widely , and have a range of distinctive characters to help the investigator in his identifications.

Skilled artisans are employed by private entrepreneurs in units mainly of cottage-proportions, widely spread in villages and small towns.

His innovation spread widely and quickly.

During the first half of the eighteenth century no other sect was as widely spread as the Quakers.

They noted that the virus may not have had time to spread widely .

■ NOUN

area

The ozone molecules are very thinly spread within this area but their fragile existence nevertheless serves a vital function to life.

It apparently started in a trash can and spread to the attic area of an 80-room wing of the motel.

This scheme, which has now spread to other areas , obviously influenced the Griffiths proposals.

Resistance can emerge rapidly and spread from one geographic area to another and from one organism to another.

The accident, which left wreckage spread over a wide area , blocked the road causing severe traffic disruption.

The only way you survive is to spread to another area .

Massage can help cramp and can prevent it spreading to other areas .

country

Several days of unrest followed which spread across the country and involved thousands of students.

Books be-came more available and, in turn, they spread learning throughout the country .

There is now a real risk that nuclear weapons will spread to several other countries .

Pray that the conflict would not spread to neighbouring countries .

The Spring Collection 1993 was introduced to the trade at ten different roadshows spread throughout the country .

disease

Infectious diseases that now spread more easily because of increased worldwide travel.

However, there is no scientific proof that the disease can be spread by eating contaminated beef.

Braintree Council is desperate for the disease not to spread to the district.

The fear, of course, was that the disease would spread to the centers of Western civilization.

Dysentery and other diseases tend to spread easily in schools and poor facilities clearly make matters worse.

When the disease continued to spread , she looked for something different and found MDExpert.

The scientists are examining the rate at which disease spreads among plants within recirculation systems in glasshouses.

Put simply, differences of behavior become increasingly significant the more difficult the disease agent is to spread .

face

He could see a hurt, misunderstood look spreading across Karen's face .

He felt a relieved smile spreading over his face and something like freedom in his heart.

Mrs Toye stared at her and a strange smile spread across her face .

Affectionate pity spread over his face .

A thin smile, like a scar, spread across his face .

A big smile suddenly spread across her face .

A look of relief as much as elation spread over Lewis's face when confirmation came of her victory.

He kept silent, a feline grin spreading across his face .

floor

Pools of viscous liquid started to spread across the floor .

It has more than 1, 900 rooms spread over 43 floors , topped by the revolving View Restaurant.

The faded newspaper from the sky had been carefully spread out on the floor of one of the old sheds.

The newcomers spread out across the floor of the tavern, whilst customers dodged hurriedly out of their way.

A red glow spread out across the floor almost like blood, and washed against the back wall.

Water spread across the floor in a greasy stream, mingling with the pile of filthy rushes.

There were some other, mostly elderly ladies and they reclined on the divans spread on the floor .

He took out a thick bundle of folded maps, selected several, and spread them on the floor .

gospel

It spread the cooperative gospel amongst women as consumers and purchasers.

While Buckley spread the gospel at the Moscone Center, the curtain went up on widespread management departures.

Now back home, they are spreading the new gospel of dissent.

And Coopers &038; Lybrand is one of a host of evangelists who spread this gospel .

Keep spreading the gospel , it needs to be heard.

Matthew, Mark, Luke and John spreading the gospel .

hand

The man leaned forwards and spread out his hands .

His back spread , his hands came together; the oars took flight.

Benny was equally at a loss, she just shrugged and spread out her hands helplessly.

Louis spoke, letting go of his beret to spread his hands .

Parkin spread his hands in a gesture of uncertainty.

The Dalek Killer spread his hands across the panel of buttons.

He spread his empty hands to show her he meant no harm.

leg

She sat on the bed and pulled up her skirt to her waist, then lay back and spread her legs .

He spread his legs and tensed his fingers.

Be careful to spread the legs , not as far as they can go, but only as far as is comfortable.

A hushed audience watched her spread her legs , and present the broom handle to her open crotch.

I envisaged a deadly tarantula creeping slowly into my bed, spreading its legs over me, about to bite!

load

More could be done to encourage flexible or staggered working hours and spread the traffic load .

The best are fairly wide to spread the load and well padded - often with dual-density foam.

Use of the top tensioners also helps to spread the load over the whole of the shoulder harness.

The block of softwood can be used to spread the load when using the hammer.

It's worth trying to draw up a list like this, because it ensures that you spread the load .

Whether more participants spreads the load of sin is not altogether clear.

message

They were continually spreading the message that the library is an integral part of the school's operation.

Forbes is traveling the country at an impressive clip, spreading his flat-tax message and pocketing IOUs from Republican pols.

The managers of such funds are on the stump, spreading the message that their day has come at last.

And with an estimated $ 5, 000 in contributions, he has tried to spread his message through community group meetings.

His intention was to contact people and spread his message to the world.

She speaks to the media from her home and travels a week out of every month to spread her message of awareness.

Production was severely disrupted in all departments during the afternoon as the shop stewards spread the message .

But once they get back home they continue to spread the Falun Gong message .

net

Conversation was desultory for we were all exhausted though Mandeville declared that tomorrow he would spread his net .

It was argued in Chapter 2 that the criminal law ought to spread its net wider where the potential harm is greater.

The Contempt of Court Act 1991 spreads a wider net over everyone who reports or handles news.

Furse spread his net wide, but it did not sink deep.

news

As news of it spread , more people became interested and wanted to take part.

As news of the shooting spread , Overtown exploded like tinder in a lightning storm.

The news had spread like wildfire.

Once the researchers returned to shore, news of their findings spread rapidly through the scientific community.

The news spread as quickly as the horrendous fire which engulfed the fallen plane.

The news spread rapidly throughout the city and everyone came to see the wonderful sight.

As news of his triptych spread , he fell under increasing suspicion.

As news of the killings spread , the politicians and leaders reacted.

rumours

About 50m messages are sent each day, turning mobile phones into a convenient medium for spreading rumours about the president.

They were spreading rumours that Mac and I knew the starter and that I had got away with a false start.

The Reds spread the rumours of its destruction, but there was no evidence to support this.

They were jealous of his success, they spread rumours about him - lies.

Let no one be forewarned, to go in fear or spread rumours .

It wasn't that people did not spread false rumours .

wildfire

The slander spread like wildfire and was only checked when the drunk who invented it confessed in a magistrates court.

Word of it spread like wildfire among geophysicists.

The news had spread like wildfire .

Not all of these students would be involved in work-based learning even if the movement spread like wildfire , but many would.

With the spectre of a ruinous trade war looming which could spread like wildfire round the world.

When low performance leads to an organizational crisis, rumors of executive malfeasance spread like wildfire among rank-and-file members.

But on the streets the book's reputation spread like wildfire , selling thousands of copies in Brixton alone.

word

New faces were still pouring into the room as word spread that the Chief Whip was entertaining.

He meant to get off, I think, but was petrified. Word of his handicap spread .

And then word began to spread of this dashing, spirited young Yorkshirewoman who was hunting her way home.

Already word was beginning to spread of the missing U-2.

It will run for six months, and we are still optimistic that more fragments may surface, as word spreads .

As word of the accusation spread , more council delegates have opposed the initiative, Arviso said.

Even if Frome's death has nothing to do with your wife's ... ministrations, the word has spread now.

But as word of the device spread , the machines could not be made fast enough.

■ VERB

begin

Students erected barricades and strikes began to spread throughout the universities and high schools.

A fire had begun to spread in me.

From this traditional privilege of Reims, the fame and popularity of Champagne wines first began to spread .

Slowly and selectively the understanding of change and the desire to participate began to spread .

Foam began to spread through the air as the fire-fighting systems reacted automatically to the emergency.

A glow began to spread warmly through her.

help

The use of the new printing technology helped in spreading the word.

They are small grains with a little wing attached on each side, which helps them spread by the wind.

You will help spread the word, won't you?

Members of Boston's crew weren't the only ones who helped spread the word.

Use of the top tensioners also helps to spread the load over the whole of the shoulder harness.

He has, in turn, helped spread the interest to other schools in Phoenix.

The new venture using satellite telecommunications would also help spread the most up-to-date information to industries.

Additionally, the Internet is helping spread the word about the Dvorak layout far wider and faster than was previously possible.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

cast/spread your net wide

Furse spread his net wide, but it did not sink deep.

I cast my net wide enough to find parents who vary from house cleaner to fashion designer to electrician to corporate manager.

It was argued in Chapter 2 that the criminal law ought to spread its net wider where the potential harm is greater.

Later that afternoon the police, who had been diligently searching certain caravans on Turpin's Field, spread their net wider.

We cast our net wider and in a different direction.

middle-aged spread

At 40, you developed something flabby, disgusting and unavoidable called middle-aged spread and your waist disappeared along with your energy.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Spread the frosting over the warm pastries.

Spreading the work around will help us meet the project deadline.

A single tractor was slowly spreading fertilizer over a huge wheatfield.

After she died at a San Jose hospital, word spread fast.

AIDS is not spread by common everyday contact.

By then, the flood water had spread across 80 square miles of farmland.

Cholera is spreading through the refugee camps at an alarming rate.

Make sure that you spread the glue on both surfaces.

Malaria, spread by mosquitoes, is one of the biggest public health problems in Africa.

Meyer and his team were the first to show how the disease spreads from animals to humans.

News of the disaster was spreading quickly.

Panic spread through downtown Port-au-Prince.

Refugees have entered the south of the country and are spreading northwards.

Rumors about Amy spread through the school.

She spread the toast with butter and jam.

She knocked over her glass, and a dark pool of wine spread over the tablecloth.

The fire is spreading out of control.

The fire quickly spread to several nearby factories.

The forest fires in the Northwest are spreading out of control.

The lawsuit charged the magazine with spreading lies about the company and its products.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Here, a key way for an individual to spread his or her point of view is to get connected.

I don't want the mess spreading back into my working world.

In one, the businessperson allocated time, spreading the project over several weeks.

She was on a sheet, naked with her legs spread apart.

Thus a gene for chromosomal fratricide will spread as surely as a murderer will inherit the Earth.

When it is placed in a container it spreads uniformly throughout the whole volume of the container.

When low performance leads to an organizational crisis, rumors of executive malfeasance spread like wildfire among rank-and-file members.

With the large number of children spread out over the country, it was inevitable that visits were infrequent.

II. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

broad

Again, although skewness may be computed for the central segment of the distribution, for most purposes broader spreads are used.

Today's student teachers and young graduates undoubtedly represent a broader spread of social background - and this is to be welcomed.

geographical

The appeal of a merger included widening Martineau's client base, a greater geographical spread and having more resources.

We also looked for a geographical spread of writers.

The geographical spread of the observers is skewed.

The geographical spread is reasonable, though doubtless there will be some omissions apparent depending on where you are based.

low

Can I use low-fat spread on my sandwiches?

Many low-fat spreads still have a remarkably high fat content-some contain as much as 60 per cent fat.

If it seeks too low a spread , its issue may fail, thus damaging its chances of making further issues.

rapid

The rapid spread of small arms and light weapons facilitate the recruitment of child soldiers.

The result has been a rapid spread of unsightly buildings across the countryside.

All three factors are thought to have played a part in the rapid spread of the disease.

wide

The assets are actively managed and represent a wide spread of fixed interest stocks, U.K. and overseas equity shares and property.

Table 3. 2 provides individual estimate for gaseous coal seams with the geometric mean used wherever a wide spread is given.

At the bottom of the page, one case had a wide spread to itself.

Those assembled along the hill lines are keeping alive one of the world's most ancient and wide spread fertility rites.

It incorporates a wide spread of disciplines and its members have been, or are, involved in a variety of professions.

This journal has a long and distinguished history, publishing mainly shorter papers on a wide spread of subjects.

Very few papers indeed, therefore, had a wide spread of shareholders.

But it always pays to use as wide a spread of sires as possible.

■ NOUN

cheese

Rub in the butter with the hands, then add the low-fat cheese spread and work in with the hands.

Blend with cream cheese and grated Cheddar to create a cheese spread .

■ VERB

contribute

What part animal carriage contributes to the spread of this organism in the environment is not clear.

control

The Government wants to control the spread of the varroa mite, a parasite which can weaken and eventually kill bees.

Cross reference - which requires the disambiguation of word senses in the definitions to control the spread of activation caused by cross-referencing.

Investigating and controlling the spread of tuberculosis socially is as difficult as understanding the body's internal defences against the disease.

encourage

Zhao was also accused of encouraging the spread of bourgeois liberalization and personal corruption.

It is also Company policy to encourage the spread of information regarding developments affecting both an employee's workplace and Company wide.

halt

None has succeeded in halting the spread of violence.

But this will not halt the spread of crypto anarchy.

More ominously, the effort to halt the nuclear spread could also stall.

It would also put in jeopardy the global effort to halt the spread of nuclear weapons.

Such exemplary action would do much to halt the spread of these evil weapons.

help

They have been helped by the spread of a non-reverential way of thinking.

point

The benchmark 5-year sterling swap spread fell 4 basis points to 36 basis points.

The benchmark five-year deutsche mark swap spread fell 1 basis point to 45 basis points.

The benchmark 5-year sterling swap spread was unchanged at 34 basis points .

prevent

They have to plan and act quickly to prevent any spread to other animals or humans.

The major effect of the anticonvulsant drugs is to prevent that kind of spread .

Remember, treat all contacts to prevent spread .

One was to segregate lepers in order to prevent the spread of the disease.

Information is needed too about the part the patient is expected to play in preventing the spread of infection.

Essential oils can be sprayed around the sick room to prevent the spread of infection during epidemics.

At the Royal Show the Agriculture Minister insisted there are adequate measures to prevent the spread of disease.

Some strains of bees prevent the spread of the disease by removing the rotting larvae.

price

The debentures, which are callable after one year, were priced at a spread of 70 basis points above Treasurys.

The debt, which is noncallable, was priced at a spread of 55 basis points above Treasurys.

reduce

A return to manual harvesting would also reduce dramatically the spread of infection.

stop

The Thatcher government has opposed planning controls over agriculture that could have stopped the spread of intensive arable farming.

Broadcasters lobbied to stop the spread of cable and succeeded for many years.

As far as Marenches was concerned, the most important thing for a Western intelligence agency was to stop the spread of Communism.

Halt the nuclear arms race, for one thing; stop the spread of nuclear weapons, for another.

What can be done to stop the spread of this silent architectural disease creeping through the veins and arteries of our cities?

I had visited her often in the London hospital where vain efforts were made to stop the spread of cancer.

swap

The benchmark 5-year sterling swap spread fell 4 basis points to 36 basis points.

The benchmark five-year deutsche mark swap spread fell 1 basis point to 45 basis points.

The benchmark 5-year sterling swap spread was unchanged at 34 basis points.

yield

Reoffered at 99. 708 to yield a spread flat to the three-year Treasury note.

Reoffered at 99. 845 to yield a spread at the launch of three basis points above U. S. Treasurys.

The offering yields a spread of 30 basis points above the Treuhand due Jan. 2003.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

The only way to prevent the spread of tuberculosis is to cure those infected by the disease.

There's a big three-page spread about them in Sunday's paper.

There was a nice spread at the reception after the wedding.

They were looking forward to the spread that Judith had prepared.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

But the spread of Internet use outside the United States is converting a national mess into a global one.

More ominously, the effort to halt the nuclear spread could also stall.

The process of proletarianisation has also received some impetus from the spread of agribusiness in the region.

The Thatcher government has opposed planning controls over agriculture that could have stopped the spread of intensive arable farming.

This spread is about 0. 05 percentage point tighter than a month ago, traders said.

This led us to ask if there was intrafamilial spread of H pylori.

We always pause just where we can see the majestic spread of Notre Dame.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.